Saturday Of Passion Week – The Day After The Burial Of Christ

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(Sources that are being consulted, are: The Ryrie Study Bible, The Holman Christian Standard Bible, The MacArthur Study Bible, The Reformation Study Bible, The Complete Jewish Bible, The Scofield Study Bible, The Thompson Chain Reference Bible, The New American Commentary Series, The Holman Commentary Series, and internet sources, BibleGateway.com, and BibleHub.com.

Scripture Text.

Luke 23:50-24:1 New King James Version (NKJV)

Jesus Buried in Joseph’s Tomb

50 Now behold, there was a man named Joseph, a council member, a good and just man. 51 He had not consented to their decision and deed. He was from Arimathea, a city of the Jews, who himself was also waiting for the kingdom of God. 52 This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 53 Then he took it down, wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a tomb that was hewn out of the rock, where no one had ever lain before. 54 That day was the Preparation, and the Sabbath drew near.

55 And the women who had come with Him from Galilee followed after, and they observed the tomb and how His body was laid. 56 Then they returned and prepared spices and fragrant oils. And they rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment.

He Is Risen

24:1 Now on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they, and certain other women with them, came to the tomb bringing the spices which they had prepared.

Topical Setting.

The setting shows the events that lead from the granting of permission, by Pilate to Joseph of Arimathea, to bury the body of Jesus. The time of day was after three PM on Friday (The Day Of Preparation). Sabbath (Friday at sunset until Saturday at sunset) would soon arrive. Joseph and Nicodemus (John 19:39) took the body of Jesus with them and laid it in a tomb. The two Marys (Mark 15:47) followed Joseph and Nicodemus and saw the place where they left the body of Jesus. There was little time on Friday to do all of the things that were necessary to properly prepare the body of Jesus for burial. The women made note of the location of the tomb. They knew where they would have to return after the Sabbath was over, so that they could complete the burial process. Nicodemus and Joseph had placed quite a considerable amount of aloes and myrrh in the tomb (John 19:40), but the women wanted to make their own contribution to the burial. The women went away from the tomb, to a place where they would prepare the spices and ointments that would be needed to complete the embalming process. Then, when sunset arrived and Sabbath began, “they rested according to the commandment.” As busy as the women had become, they still rested on the Sabbath day (Friday evening until Saturday evening). They did not do any of the work of burial preparation, which was not only in accordance with the custom of the Jewish nation, but also according to the commandment, “Remember the Sabbath Day, to keep it holy,” (Exodus 20:10). The first day of the week began at sunset on Saturday. The women had the hours of darkness to finish their preparations of the spices and ointments for the embalming of the body of Jesus. This process was completed before the women set out for the tomb at daybreak on Sunday morning. It is important to know that the Sabbath was no time of the week, other than Friday at sunset until Saturday at sunset. It was, and still is, the seventh day of the week. The Sabbath can never be any other day of the week, than that where God placed it. We may decide to “take the day off from work” and call it our sabbath, but that is an incorrect assumption. We can’t draw a line “around the seventh day of the week (from Friday at sunset until Saturday at sunset), and use a big excavator to dig up and move “God’s Sabbath,” to another place on the calendar, where we will draw another line, and measure off another “plot on the calendar,” and dig another hole where we can replace the original Sabbath. (Please excuse the necessary run on sentence).The Sabbath is “the Lord’s Sabbath” (Leviticus 23:3). Sunday morning, the first day of the day, is referred to as “The Lord’s Day.” That is because it was the day that our Lord Jesus, was raised from death. This particular Sunday was not Easter, and never will be Easter. Much has been written about Easter, but I will use God’s Word, and comments made in Unger’s Bible Dictionary, to discuss the matter. The scripture is Acts 12:4. A sampling of translations follow, and shows that the word, “Easter,” is only written in the King James Version. All of the other translations use the word, “Passover,” which relates to the time of the year, per Acts 12:3, “the days of Unleavened Bread.”

Consider the context.

Acts 12:1-4 New King James Version (NKJV)

Herod’s Violence to the Church

1 Now about that time Herod the king stretched out his hand to harass some from the church. 2 Then he killed James the brother of John with the sword. 3 And because he saw that it pleased the Jews, he proceeded further to seize Peter also. Now it was during the Days of Unleavened Bread. 4 So when he had arrested him, he put him in prison, and delivered him to four squads of soldiers to keep him, intending to bring him before the people after Passover.

Consider the implication. We believe the resurrection of Christ to be a joyful occasion. Should we also consider that the imprisonment and abuse of Peter to be a joyful occasion? There is no teaching in God’s Word that the early church had any celebration of a day that is called “Easter.” The events of Acts 12:1-4 occurred at the time of the year that is known as “Passover and The Feast Of Unleavened Bread.” It was at that time of year that the Apostle Peter was imprisoned, and was going to be put on trial, because of his witness for Christ. Can anyone honestly relate such an event to the resurrection from the dead of our Lord, “The Christ?” I think not.

Consider the verse.

Acts 12:4

New International Version
After arresting him, he put him in prison, handing him over to be guarded by four squads of four soldiers each. Herod intended to bring him out for public trial after the Passover.

New Living Translation
Then he imprisoned him, placing him under the guard of four squads of four soldiers each. Herod intended to bring Peter out for public trial after the Passover.

English Standard Version
And when he had seized him, he put him in prison, delivering him over to four squads of soldiers to guard him, intending after the Passover to bring him out to the people.

New American Standard Bible
When he had seized him, he put him in prison, delivering him to four squads of soldiers to guard him, intending after the Passover to bring him out before the people.

King James Bible
And when he had apprehended him, he put him in prison, and delivered him to four quaternions of soldiers to keep him; intending after Easter to bring him forth to the people.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
After the arrest, he put him in prison and assigned four squads of four soldiers each to guard him, intending to bring him out to the people after the Passover.

Unger’s Bible Dictionary: (Easter)

(Gr. pascha, from Heb. pesah), the Passover, and so translated in every passage excepting, “intending after Easter to bring him forth to the people (Acts 12:4).” In the earlier English versions Easter had been frequently used as the translation of pascha. At the last revision Passover was substituted in all passages but this one. See Passover.

The word Easter is of Saxon origin. Eastra, the goddess of spring, in whose honor sacrifices were offered about Passover time each year. By the 8th century, Anglo-Saxons had adopted the name to designate the celebration of Christ’s resurrection.

Consider the term “Easter.” Should we continue to use such an incorrect word to identify the day of the week which was when our Lord Jesus was raised from the dead? I would like to say something that is more correct. I prefer to say “Resurrection Sunday.” The teaching of “Easter” is not a truth. You can choose any word that you desire to describe the opposite of truth.

This post can be found under the Category of Passover.

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