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Revelation 9 – Trumpet Judgments – God’s Plan For The Ages
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Revelation 9 – Trumpet Judgments – God’s Plan For The Ages
Note. There will be no true peace until Christ returns to Earth (Zechariah 14:1-9).
Lesson Series – Revelation
Revelation Chapter 9/Demons/Hell/Woe/Angels/Trumpet
Revelation Chapter 9 – Trumpet Judgments
Key Thought: Identities.
In this 9th chapter of Revelation, the fifth and sixth Trumpet Judgments are discussed. Two identities are of key importance in understanding the prophecy of the Trumpet Judgments, as well as of the Seal and Bowl Judgments. The first identity that must be known is that of the people who will be the targets of each of the Seal, Trumpet and Bowl Judgment. The second identity that must be known is that of who will be casting each judgment onto those who will be the targets of the judgments.
As pertaining to the first identity, the commentary on Revelation, by John Walvoord, states that the people who will be the targets of the judgments are: “those who dwell on the earth.” Walvoord also wrote that “those who dwell on the earth” is almost a technical term in Revelation for “unbelievers” who are left on earth after the church is raptured.” (Dr. John F. Walvoord, deceased, Revelation Commentary, Chapter 11:10). The key Verses of Note, “earth dweller verses,” from Rev 3:10 through Rev 17:8, have language that shows that the “earth dwellers” will be people who had no born-again saving relationship in Christ.
As it relates to the second identity, angels will cast the Trumpet Judgments onto the earth, and will target every person who has been left behind from the rapture. The judgments are increasingly more severe, from seal to trumpet to bowl. God is in charge of each judgment that will fall onto the earth, and target each earth dweller. For anyone to believe that God’s born again believers will be included as targets of the judgments, is to underestimate the love of God for “the bride of Christ.” Consider each Trumpet Judgment. Consider, also, how horrible will be the effect that will be experienced by each person who is left on earth when the judgments are cast onto the earth. Consider Ephesians 5:25, “Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself for her.” Christ is the bridegroom of all bridegrooms. He will not leave his bride in a world where any of the Seal, Trumpet or Bowl judgments will be cast on “her, His bride, the bride of Christ.” Christ will come for His bride and take her away from the tribulation (John 14:1-3; 1 Corinthians 15:50-54; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18). Believers in Christ share an expectant hope of “the blessed hope and glorious appearing of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ.” (Titus 2:13) There is no blessed hope in being left behind to face the judgments of God. (Notice the words: our great “God AND Savior,” Jesus Christ.)
Verses Of Note:
Earth dwellers: those who were left behind on earth, by missing the catching up of the saints, also known as the rapture of the church. They will have to endure the Judgments of God, “Seal, Trumpet and Bowl.”
Revelation 3:10 Because you have kept My command to persevere, I also will keep you from the hour of trial which shall come upon the whole world, to test those who dwell on the earth.
Revelation 6:10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying, “How long, O Lord, holy and true, until You judge and avenge our blood on those who dwell on the earth?”
Revelation 8:13 And I looked, and I heard an angel flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice, “Woe, woe, woe to the inhabitants of the earth, because of the remaining blasts of the trumpet of the three angels who are about to sound!”
Revelation 11:10 And those who dwell on the earth will rejoice over them, make merry, and send gifts to one another, because these two prophets tormented those who dwell on the earth.
Revelation 13:8 All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.
Revelation 13:14 And he deceives those who dwell on the earth by those signs which he was granted to do in the sight of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast who was wounded by the sword and lived.
Revelation 17:8 The beast that you saw was, and is not, and will ascend out of the bottomless pit and go to perdition. And those who dwell on the earth will marvel, whose names are not written in the Book of Life from the foundation of the world, when they see the beast that was, and is not, and yet is.
Lesson – Revelation Chapter 9 – Trumpet Judgments
Fifth Trumpet: The Locusts from the Bottomless Pit
1 Then the fifth angel sounded: And I saw a star fallen from heaven to the earth. To him was given the key to the bottomless pit. 2 And he opened the bottomless pit, and smoke arose out of the pit like the smoke of a great furnace. So the sun and the air were darkened because of the smoke of the pit. 3 Then out of the smoke locusts came upon the earth. And to them was given power, as the scorpions of the earth have power. 4 They were commanded not to harm the grass of the earth, or any green thing, or any tree, but only those men who do not have the seal of God on their foreheads. 5 And they were not given authority to kill them, but to torment them for five months. Their torment was like the torment of a scorpion when it strikes a man. 6 In those days men will seek death and will not find it; they will desire to die, and death will flee from them.
7 The shape of the locusts was like horses prepared for battle. On their heads were crowns of something like gold, and their faces were like the faces of men. 8 They had hair like women’s hair, and their teeth were like lions’ teeth. 9 And they had breastplates like breastplates of iron, and the sound of their wings was like the sound of chariots with many horses running into battle. 10 They had tails like scorpions, and there were stings in their tails. Their power was to hurt men five months. 11 And they had as king over them the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon, but in Greek he has the name Apollyon.
12 One woe is past. Behold, still two more woes are coming after these things.
Sixth Trumpet: The Angels from the Euphrates
13 Then the sixth angel sounded: And I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God, 14 saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, “Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates.” 15 So the four angels, who had been prepared for the hour and day and month and year, were released to kill a third of mankind. 16 Now the number of the army of the horsemen was two hundred million; I heard the number of them. 17 And thus I saw the horses in the vision: those who sat on them had breastplates of fiery red, hyacinth blue, and sulfur yellow; and the heads of the horses were like the heads of lions; and out of their mouths came fire, smoke, and brimstone. 18 By these three plagues a third of mankind was killed—by the fire and the smoke and the brimstone which came out of their mouths. 19 For their power is in their mouth and in their tails; for their tails are like serpents, having heads; and with them they do harm.
20 But the rest of mankind, who were not killed by these plagues, did not repent of the works of their hands, that they should not worship demons, and idols of gold, silver, brass, stone, and wood, which can neither see nor hear nor walk. 21 And they did not repent of their murders or their sorceries or their sexual immorality or their thefts.
The following study notes come from the MacArthur Study Bible, and are provided by Biblgateway.com
9:1 a star fallen from heaven. Unlike the other stars that will have fallen (6:13; 8:8), this one will be an angelic being (cf. v. 2)—probably Satan himself (v. 4; 12:7; see notes on Is. 14:12–14; Luke 10:18). bottomless pit. Lit. “pit of the abyss.” Mentioned 7 times in Revelation, it always refers to the prison where some of the demonic hordes are incarcerated, the place of severest torment and isolation (vv. 1, 2, 11; 11:7; 17:8; 20:1, 3; see notes on 2 Pet. 2:4; Jude 6, 7).
9:3 locusts. A grasshopper-like insect that descends in swarms so thick they can obscure the sun and strip bare all vegetation. In the 1950s a locust swarm devoured every growing thing for several hundred thousand square miles in the Middle East. These are not normal locusts, however, but specially prepared ones that are merely the outward form of demons, who, like locusts, will bring swarming desolation (see notes on Joel 2:2, 4). “Like” appears 9 times in John’s description; he finds it difficult to describe what he sees in a way the reader can understand. scorpions. An arachnid that inhabits warm, dry regions and has an erect tail tipped with a venomous stinger. A scorpion’s victim often rolls on the ground in agony, foams at the mouth, and grinds his teeth in pain. The demons in locust form are able to inflict the physical—and perhaps, spiritual—pain like the scorpion (v. 5).
9:4 men who do not have the seal of God. Everyone on earth except the two groups mentioned in chap. 7—the 144,000 Jewish evangelists and their converts (see note on 7:4).
9:5 five months. The normal life cycle of locusts is 5 months, usually from May to Sep.
9:6 seek death and will not find it. The tormented will find no relief. Even their unimaginable attempts to end their misery in suicide will be unsuccessful.
9:7 faces of men. Probably a reference to these demonic creatures as rational, intelligent beings.
9:8 women’s hair. Jeremiah 51:27 refers to locusts having bristles like hair. lions’ teeth. They are fierce, powerful, and deadly (cf. Jer. 51:27).
9:9 breastplates of iron. Breastplates were designed to protect the vital organs and sustain the life of the warrior. These creatures are invulnerable.
9:10 five months. See note on v. 5.
9:11 Abaddon…Apollyon. Although locusts normally have no king (Prov. 30:27), these demonic creatures do. His name in both Heb. and Gr. means “destroyer.” There is a hierarchy of power among the demons, just as among the holy angels. Apparently, “the angel of the bottomless pit” is one of Satan’s most trusted leaders or possibly Satan himself.
9:12 One woe. The first of the final 3 trumpets (see note on 8:13).
9:13 horns of the golden altar. God’s design for the golden altar of incense included small protrusions (horns) on each corner (Ex. 30:2; see note on 6:9). Normally a place of mercy, as God responds to His people’s prayers, the altar will resound with a cry for vengeance.
9:14 four angels. Scripture never refers to holy angels as being bound. These are fallen angels—another segment of Satan’s force whom God had bound but will free to accomplish His judgment through their horsemen (vv. 15–19). God’s control extends even to the demonic forces—they are bound or freed at His command. Euphrates. One of the 4 rivers that flowed through the Garden of Eden (see note on 16:12; cf. Gen. 2:14). Starting with Babel, this region has spawned many of the world’s pagan religions.
9:15 the hour and day and month and year. God works according to His predetermined plan (cf. Matt. 24:36; Acts 1:7).
9:16 the army. Some see this as a reference to forces accompanying the kings of the east (16:12) and identify them with a human army coming from Asia. But that event occurs in connection with the seventh trumpet, not the sixth. The language is better understood as referring to a demon force that makes war with the earth’s inhabitants and kills one-third of humanity (v. 15).
9:17 breastplates. See note on v. 9. brimstone. Brimstone is a yellowish, sulfuric rock that often attends fire and smoke in Revelation (14:10; 19:20; 20:10). Common in the Dead Sea region, when ignited such deposits melt and produce burning streams and suffocating gas.
9:19 tails are like serpents, having heads. John’s language represents the demons’ ability to vent their destructive power in both directions.
9:20, 21 God lists 5 sins that are representative of their defiance.
9:20 demons. Reminiscent of Paul’s comments about idolatry (see note on 1 Cor. 10:19, 20); demons impersonate the stone and wood idols men make.
9:21 they did not repent. Cf. 16:9, 11, 21. sorceries. This Gr. word is the root of the Eng. word “pharmacy.” Drugs in the ancient world were used to dull the senses and induce a state suitable for religious experiences such as seances, witchcraft, incantations, and cavorting with mediums (21:8; 22:15). See note on Eph. 5:18.
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The scripture text was taken from Biblegateway.com
The translation of the text is from The New King James Version.
Unless otherwise noted, scripture notes were taken from The MacArthur Study Bible notes that are contained in Biblegateway.com
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