Statue Of Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream
Road To Armageddon – 7.1 – Daniel – 1, 2 – Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream
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A Glimpse Of Armageddon – The Sixth Bowl Judgment – Will you be there – if so, in which capacity? This is an honest question, which demands a serious response.
Revelation 16:12 New King James Version (NKJV)
Sixth Bowl: Euphrates Dried Up
12 Then the sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up, so that the way of the kings from the east might be prepared.
Study note. Biblegateway.com. MacArthur Study Bible note.
16:12 Euphrates. Called “the great river” 5 times in Scripture (cf. 9:14; Gen. 15:18; Deut. 1:7; Josh. 1:4), it flows some 1,800 mi. from its source on the slopes of Mt. Ararat to the Persian Gulf (see note on 9:14). It forms the eastern boundary of the land God promised to Israel (Gen. 15:18; Deut. 1:7; 11:24; Josh. 1:4). With its flow already reduced by the prolonged drought and intensified heat, God supernaturally will dry it up to make way for the eastern confederacy to reach Palestine (Is. 11:15). the kings from the east. God providentially draws these kings and their armies in order to destroy them in the battle of Armageddon (v. 14). Their reason for coming may be to rebel against Antichrist, whose failure to alleviate the world’s suffering will no doubt erode his popularity. Or, this may be a final act of rabid anti-Semitism intent on destroying Israel, perhaps in retaliation for the plagues sent by her God. Since the sun may have melted the ice caps on Ararat, flooding the valley of the Euphrates as the river overflows its banks and bridges, the land will be swamped. God will have to dry it up miraculously for the eastern army to get to Armageddon.
Daniel In Babylon. Daniel Chapter 1.
Daniel 1:1 New King James Version (NKJV)
1 In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it.
1:1 third year. 606–605 B.C. It was the third year by Babylonian dating, which did not count a king’s initial (accession) year, but began with the following year. So the “third year” is in harmony with the same year labeled as “fourth” by the Judean system of dating (cf. Jer. 46:2). Jehoiakim. Son of Josiah who ruled (ca. 609–597 B.C.) when Nebuchadnezzar first plundered Jerusalem. Nebuchadnezzar. Son of Nabopolassar who ruled Babylon (ca. 605–562 B.C.). (MacArthur note).
Daniel was in the first of three deportations; this was about 605 B.C. Daniel was deported about 8 years before Ezekiel. (See Jer 25:1-14 about the 70 years of exile of the Jews into Babylon). (Scofield Study Bible note).
Daniel 1:21 New King James Version (NKJV)
21 Thus Daniel continued until the first year of King Cyrus.
1:21 first year. Cyrus of Persia conquered Babylon in 539 B.C. His third year, in 10:1, is the latest historical year that Daniel mentions (cf. Ezra 1:1—2:1). (MacArthur Study note).
Daniel was to see the return of the remnant of Judah at the end of the 70 years (Jer 25:11-12; 29:10). He actually lived beyond the first year of Cyrus, (Daniel 10:1; 6:28). (Scofield Study Bible note).
Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream. Daniel Chapter 2.
Daniel 2:1-3 New King James Version (NKJV)
1 Now in the second year of Nebuchadnezzar’s reign, Nebuchadnezzar had dreams; and his spirit was so troubled that his sleep left him. 2 Then the king gave the command to call the magicians, the astrologers, the sorcerers, and the Chaldeans to tell the king his dreams. So they came and stood before the king. 3 And the king said to them, “I have had a dream, and my spirit is anxious to know the dream.”
2:1 dreams. In the time of revelation, God spoke through the interpretation of dreams that He induced (cf. v. 29). (MacArthur).
Daniel 2:19 New King James Version (NKJV)
19 Then the secret was revealed to Daniel in a night vision. So Daniel blessed the God of heaven.
Daniel 2:31-35 New King James Version (NKJV)(The Dream – The Great Image)
31 “You, O king, were watching; and behold, a great image! This great image, whose splendor was excellent, stood before you; and its form was awesome. 32 This image’s head was of fine gold, its chest and arms of silver, its belly and thighs of bronze, 33 its legs of iron, its feet partly of iron and partly of clay. 34 You watched while a stone was cut out without hands, which struck the image on its feet of iron and clay, and broke them in pieces. 35 Then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver, and the gold were crushed together, and became like chaff from the summer threshing floors; the wind carried them away so that no trace of them was found. And the stone that struck the image became a great mountain and filled the whole earth.
Daniel 2:36-38 New King James Version (NKJV). First World Empire: Babylon (Gold). (7:4)
36 “This is the dream. Now we will tell the interpretation of it before the king. 37 You, O king, are a king of kings. For the God of heaven has given you a kingdom, power, strength, and glory; 38 and wherever the children of men dwell, or the beasts of the field and the birds of the heaven, He has given them into your hand, and has made you ruler over them all—you are this head of gold.
Daniel 2:39 New King James Version (NKJV). Second And Third World Empires. Second: Medo-Persia (Silver). (7:5; 8:20) Third: Greece (Bronze). (7:6; 8:21)
39 But after you shall arise another kingdom inferior to yours; then another, a third kingdom of bronze, which shall rule over all the earth.
39. MacArthur note. inferior. This probably means “lower”(lit. earthward) on the image of a man as Daniel guides Nebuchadnezzar’s thoughts downward on the body from his own empire (the head) to the one that would succeed it. Medo-Persia, though lacking the glory of Babylon (silver, as compared to gold), was not inferior in strength to Babylon when its day of power came; it actually conquered Babylon (7:5). Also, in the case of Greece; bronze is less glorious (valuable) than silver, but stronger.
39. MacArthur note. rule over all the earth. Alexander the Great became the ruler of the world, including Israel, from Europe to Egypt to India.
Daniel 2:40-43 New King James Version (NKJV) Fourth World Empire: Rome (Iron) (7:7; 9:26).
40 And the fourth kingdom shall be as strong as iron, inasmuch as iron breaks in pieces and shatters everything; and like iron that crushes, that kingdom will break in pieces and crush all the others. 41 Whereas you saw the feet and toes, partly of potter’s clay and partly of iron, the kingdom shall be divided; yet the strength of the iron shall be in it, just as you saw the iron mixed with ceramic clay. 42 And as the toes of the feet were partly of iron and partly of clay, so the kingdom shall be partly strong and partly fragile. 43 As you saw iron mixed with ceramic clay, they will mingle with the seed of men; but they will not adhere to one another, just as iron does not mix with clay.
40. MacArthur note. strong as iron. The metal fittingly represents the Roman Empire which would be characterized by the description predicted. It did have armies in iron armor, known as the Iron Legions of Rome, and it had strength and invincibility.
41. Mac Arthur Note. toes. Ten toes represent the same kings as the 10 horns in 7:24. They will rule in the final time of the Gentile empire, which Christ destroys in violent abruptness at His second coming.
41-43. MacArthur note. clay … iron. The iron in the ten toes (kings) represents the Roman Empire in its revived form, prior to the second coming of Christ, as having iron-like strength for conquest (Rev 13: 4-5). But the clay “mixed in” depicts that the union (federation) of kings and nations would have fatal flaws of human weakness, so that it is inherently vulnerable.
Daniel 2:44-45 New King James Version (NKJV) Christ’s Kingdom To Be Established On Earth (Matt 3:2: “Repent, for the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand.”)
44 And in the days of these kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed; and the kingdom shall not be left to other people; it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand forever. 45 Inasmuch as you saw that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it broke in pieces the iron, the bronze, the clay, the silver, and the gold—the great God has made known to the king what will come to pass after this. The dream is certain, and its interpretation is sure.”
44. MacArthur note. stand forever/endure forever. God’s kingdom ruled by Messiah is the final rule, never to be replaced. It has a millennial phase and an external future, but it is the same king who rules both.
45. MacArthur note. stone … mountain. The stone is Messiah (Ps 118:22-23; Isa 28:16; Rom 9:33; 1 Pet 2:6; Luke 20:18). The mountain pictures God’s all-transcending government that looms over weak earthly powers (Dan 4:17, 25; Pa 47:8; 103:19; 145:13; Rev 17:9). Messiah is “cut out” of this sovereign realm by God, which accords with the Son of Man coming (Dan 7:13-14); “without hands” denotes that the Messiah comes from God and is not of human origin or power (the same idea in 8:25). The virgin birth and the resurrection, as well as the second coming, could be encompassed in this reference to supernatural origin.
2:36–45 we will tell the interpretation. Five empires in succession would rule over Israel, here pictured by parts of a statue (body). In Dan. 7, the same empires are represented by 4 great beasts. These empires are Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, Rome, and the later revived Rome, each one differentiated from the previous, as indicated by the declining quality of the metal. A stone picturing Christ (Luke 20:18) at His second coming (as the Son of Man also does in Dan. 7:13, 14) will destroy the fourth empire in its final phase with catastrophic suddenness (2:34, 35, 44, 45). Christ’s total shattering of Gentile power will result in the establishment of His millennial kingdom, the ultimate empire, and then continuing on eternally (2:44; 7:27). (MacArthur)
Other Times – Times Of The Gentiles – Jacob’s Trouble/Distress
There are other times that need to be understood, in the context of times of world empires and events that lead to Christ’s Kingdom, which is also known as the “Kingdom Of God, Kingdom of Heaven, the millennium, the millennial reign of Christ.”
Times Of The Gentiles.
My note. The four world empires have been discussed, as well as the Kingdom of Christ in the Millennium. Still, there is the time that exists between the discussed Roman Empire and the Millennium, that needs to be considered. Such a time is known in Scripture as “The Times Of The Gentiles.” Gentiles are considered to be all nations, except the Jews. It is a time in history, current time and the future, when neither the Jews, nor the church of Christ, has spiritual control of the world. Only, when the second coming of Christ occurs, will the unbelieving Gentile nations lose their grip of control on the world. (Zechariah 14:1-15; Matthew 24:29-31; Revelation 19:11-21) (See below, for more “Times Of The Gentiles”)
Easton’s Bible Dictionary – Gentiles
(Hebrews, usually in plural, goyim), meaning in general all nations except the Jews.
Luke 21:24 New King James Version (NKJV)
24 And they will fall by the edge of the sword, and be led away captive into all nations. And Jerusalem will be trampled by Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.
21:24 the times of the Gentiles. This expression is unique to Luke. It identifies the era from Israel’s captivity (ca. 586 B.C. to Babylon; cf. 2 Kin. 25) to her restoration in the kingdom (Rev. 20:1–6). It has been a time during which, in accord with God’s purpose, Gentiles have dominated or threatened Jerusalem. (MacArthur)
Jacob’s Trouble/Jacob’s Distress – The Tribulation.
Jeremiah 30:7 New King James Version (NKJV)
7 Alas! For that day is great,
So that none is like it;
And it is the time of Jacob’s trouble,
But he shall be saved out of it.
30:7 time of Jacob’s trouble. This period of unprecedented difficulty for Israel, as the verse defines, is set in a context of Israel’s final restoration. It is best equated with the time of tribulation (cf. vv. 8, 9) just before Christ’s Second Advent, mentioned elsewhere (Dan. 12:1; Matt. 24:21, 22) and described in detail by Rev. 6–19.
The Revived Roman Empire, as discussed in Daniel 2:40-43
Additional information is provided on the great image of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream, as follows.
Scofield Reference notes: verses 31- 44, as follows.
The monarchy-vision. Nebuchadnezzar’s dream, as interpreted by Daniel, gives the course and end of “the times of the Gentiles” Luke 21:24. (See Scofield “Revelation 16:19”) that is, of Gentile world-empire. The four metals composing the image are explained as symbolizing Daniel 2:38-40 four empires, not necessarily possessing the inhabited earth, but able to do so (Daniel 2:38), and fulfilled in Babylon, Media-Persia, Greece (under Alexander), and Rome. The latter power is seen divided, first into two (the legs), fulfilled in the Eastern and Western Roman empires, and then into ten (the toes) See Scofield “Daniel 7:26. As a whole, the image gives the imposing outward greatness and splendour of the Gentile world-power.
The smiting Stone Daniel 2:34; Daniel 2:35 destroys the Gentile world-system (in its final form) by a sudden and irremediable blow, not by the gradual processes of conversion and assimilation; and then, and not before, does the Stone become a mountain which fills “the whole earth.” (Cf. Daniel 7:26; Daniel 7:27). Such a destruction of the Gentile monarchy-system did not occur at the first advent of Christ. On the contrary, He was put to death by the sentence of an officer of the fourth empire, which was then at the zenith of its power. Since the crucifixion the Roman empire has followed the course marked out in the vision, but Gentile world dominion still continues, and the crushing blow is still suspended. The detail of the end-time is given in Daniel 7:1-28, and Revelation 13-19. It is important to see
(1) that Gentile world-power is to end in a sudden catastrophic judgment (see “Armageddon,” Revelation 16:14; Revelation 19:21).
(2) that it is immediately followed by the kingdom of heaven, and that the God of the heavens does not set up His kingdom till after the destruction of the Gentile world- system. It is noteworthy that Gentile world-dominion begins and ends with a great image. Daniel 2:31; Revelation 13:14; Revelation 13:15.
A mountain is one of the bibical symbols of a kingdom. (See Scofield “Isaiah 2:2”).
wheresoever the children
This is universal dominion. It was never fully realized, but power was given for it.
but there shall be
From the “head of gold” (Daniel 2:38) to the “iron” of the “fourth kingdom” (Rome) there is deterioration in fineness, but increase of strength (Daniel 2:40). Then comes the deterioration of the “fourth kingdom” in that very quality, strength.
(1) Deterioration by division: The kingdom is divided into two, the legs (Eastern and Western empires), and these are again divided into kingdoms, the number of which when the Stone smites the image will be ten toes, Daniel 2:42; cf. Daniel 7:23; Daniel 7:24.
(2) Deterioration by admixture; the iron of the Roman imperium mixed with the clay of the popular will, fickle and easily moulded.
This is precisely what has come to pass in the constitutional monarchies which, the Republic of France and the despotism of Turkey, cover the sphere of ancient Roman rule.
and in the days
The passage fixes authoritatively the time relative to other predicted events, when the kingdom of the heavens will be set up. It will be “in the days of those kings,” i.e. the days of the ten kings (cf. Daniel 7:24-27 symbolized by the toes of the image. That condition did not exist at the advent of Messiah, nor was it even possible until the dissolution of the Roman empire, and the rise of the present national world system. See “Kingdom (O.T.)”; Genesis 1:26; Zechariah 12:8 “Kingdom (N.T.)”; Luke 1:31-33; 1 Corinthians 15:28, (See Scofield “Matthew 3:2”) note (defining “kingdom of heaven”). Daniel 2:45 repeats the method by which the kingdom will be set up. (Cf) See Scofield “Daniel 2:31”; Psalms 2:5; Psalms 2:6; Zechariah 14:1-8; Zechariah 14:9.
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