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The video of this post discusses three important subjects of end times study. They are: (1) the catching up in the air by Jesus(rapture), of those whom have been born, and take them to Heaven; (2) the tribulation, which affects those who are left behind on earth, having missed the rapture and, (3) the second coming of Jesus, with those who were raptured, when he will stand on earth, judge sin, and set up a 1000 year reign of peace and righteousness.
Chapter 10 Textual Study
We will study Chapter 10 in the New King James Version, with comments coming from the MacArthur Study Bible notes, as shown in BibleGateway.org. We will have an introduction and summary by Dr. John F. Walvoord.
Beginning with chapter 10 a parenthetical section is introduced which continues through 11:14. Like chapter 7 it does not advance the narrative but presents other facts which contribute to the total prophetic scene.
Revelation 10 New King James Version (NKJV)
The Mighty Angel with the Little Book
1 I saw still another mighty angel coming down from heaven, clothed with a cloud. And a rainbow was on his head, his face was like the sun, and his feet like pillars of fire. 2 He had a little book open in his hand. And he set his right foot on the sea and his left foot on the land,3 and cried with a loud voice, as when a lion roars. When he cried out, seven thunders uttered their voices. 4 Now when the seven thunders uttered their voices, I was about to write; but I heard a voice from heaven saying to me, “Seal up the things which the seven thunders uttered, and do not write them.”
5 The angel whom I saw standing on the sea and on the land raised up his hand to heaven 6 and swore by Him who lives forever and ever, who created heaven and the things that are in it, the earth and the things that are in it, and the sea and the things that are in it, that there should be delay no longer, 7 but in the days of the sounding of the seventh angel, when he is about to sound, the mystery of God would be finished, as He declared to His servants the prophets.
John Eats the Little Book
8 Then the voice which I heard from heaven spoke to me again and said, “Go, take the little book which is open in the hand of the angel who stands on the sea and on the earth.”
9 So I went to the angel and said to him, “Give me the little book.”
And he said to me, “Take and eat it; and it will make your stomach bitter, but it will be as sweet as honey in your mouth.”
10 Then I took the little book out of the angel’s hand and ate it, and it was as sweet as honey in my mouth. But when I had eaten it, my stomach became bitter. 11 And he said to me, “You must prophesy again about many peoples, nations, tongues, and kings.”
10:1—11:14 These verses serve as an interlude between the sixth trumpet and the seventh trumpet (11:15). The seals and the bowls also have a brief interlude between their sixth and seventh judgments (7:1–17; 16:15). God’s intention is to encourage and comfort His people in the midst of the fury and to remind them that He is still sovereign, that He remembers His people, and that they will ultimately be victorious.
10:1 another mighty angel. Many commentators understand this to be Jesus Christ. But the Gr. word translated “another” means one of the same kind, that is, a created being. This is not one of the 7 angels responsible for sounding the trumpets (8:2), but one of the highest ranking in heaven, filled with splendor, greatness, and strength (cf. 5:2; 8:3; 18:1). rainbow. See note on 4:3. Perhaps God included this to remind John, that even in judgment, He will always remember His Noahic Covenant and protect His own. feet like pillars of fire. This angel’s feet and legs indicate the firm resolve with which he will execute the Day of the Lord.
10:2 little book. The 7 sealed scroll that is the title deed to the earth (see note on 5:1) will be fully opened and all the final judgments made visible. right foot on the sea and his left foot on the land. Although Satan has temporarily usurped the sea and the earth, this symbolic act demonstrates that all creation belongs to the Lord and He rules it with sovereign authority.
10:3 seven thunders. See note on 4:5; cf. 6:1; 8:5.
10:4 Seal up. John was told he must conceal the message of the 7 thunders until God’s time (cf. 22:10; Dan. 8:26, 27; 12:9).
10:5 raised up his hand. This Gr. verb appears often in the technical sense of raising the hand to take an oath or a solemn vow (cf. Dan. 12:7; see notes on Matt. 5:33, 34). The hand is raised toward heaven because that is where God dwells. The angel is taking an oath.
10:6 there should be delay no longer. This initiates the last plagues of the Day of the Lord (11:15), indicating that the time the disciples anticipated has come (Matt. 24:3; Acts 1:6). The prayers of the saints will be answered (6:9–11; Matt. 6:10).
10:7 the mystery. A Gr. term meaning “to shut” or “to close.” In the NT, a “mystery” is a truth that God concealed but has revealed through Christ and His apostles (see notes on Eph. 3:4,5; cf. Rom. 16:25). Here the mystery is the final consummation of all things as God destroys sinners and establishes His righteous kingdom on earth. as He declared. This mystery, though not fully revealed, was declared to God’s prophets (cf. Amos 3:7).
10:9 Take and eat it. This act graphically illustrates taking in God’s Word. John’s physical reactions demonstrate what every believer’s proper response to God’s judgment should be (cf.Ezek. 3:1)—sweet anticipation of God’s glory and our victory, and at the same time, the bitterness of seeing God’s wrath poured out on those who reject His Son. your stomach bitter. As he truly digests what the seal, trumpet, and bowl judgments hold in store for the sinner, John becomes nauseated. sweet as honey in your mouth. But still God’s final victory and vindication are sweet realities to the believer.
10:11 prophesy again. A call for John to warn men about the bitter judgment in the seventh trumpet and the 7 bowls. peoples, nations, tongues, and kings. See note on 7:9.
John is informed that he must prophesy before “many peoples,” stating that the word “emphasizes the greatness of the field. It is no one Empire or Emperor that is concerned in the prophecies of the second half of the Apocalypse; not merely Rome or Nero or Domitian, but a multitude of races, kingdoms, and crowned heads.
My note. The initial prophecy to John was given to the seven churches of Chapters 2 and 3. However, this chapter indicates that the prophecy of revelation will be given to many people groups that are located well beyond that area of Asia Minor, just as what is happening as we read the words of Revelation now.
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