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The Feast of Passover will begin on Friday, April 22, at Sundown, and will continue until the following Saturday, April 30, at sundown. Passover lasts for one day; the Feast Of Unleavened Bread follows immediately and lasts for seven days (Leviticus 23:5-6). The teaching of the Passover of the Jews is important for Christians to understand. In this post, the link information on the Passover is presented from a Jewish belief; the videos are Messianic. It is important for Christians to understand such a mindset in order for them to engage Jews in conversation about matters of God’s Holy Word. It is also important to know the Messianic teaching in God’s Word (in the Passover Seder, Jesus is seen). Remember to pray for God’s chosen people, who are the Jews, per Psalm 122:6. The Passover account of scripture is clearly about Israel, God, and the oppressive Leader of Egypt. No other tribes or nations of people are a part of this significant part in the history of God’s Chosen People, Israel (Deuteronomy 7:6). The post closes with a note from a ministry partner.
The following article discusses the Feast Of Passover, which is provided by a Jewish website.
My Jewish Learning, A Jewish Website – Article On Passover.
Consider the scriptures that show that Jesus has fulfilled the Law and the Feasts. But, remember, also, that God gave the Law and the Feasts to the Jews, and, therefore, should be given great respect. It is significant to know that the feasts and the Law were fulfilled when Jesus was crucified during Passover. The time of the feasts of “Passover and Unleavened Bread’ is often referred to as “Passover.”
Consider the words of Jesus: He will fulfill the law.
Matthew 5:17 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
17 “Don’t assume that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill.
Consider the words of Jesus: He fulfilled the Law.
John 19:30 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
30 When Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” Then bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.
Consider the Law, and that God gave the Law to Israel, and to no other nation, nations, or groups of people.
Leviticus 27:34 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
34 These are the commandments which the Lord commanded Moses for the sons of Israel at Mount Sinai.
In the 23rd Chapter of Leviticus (below), there is a discussion on the Holy Days that God gave to the Israelites, and to no one else. Still, non-Jews should honor God’s Holy Days, teach them, and learn from them. Jews celebrate Passover as a reminder of when God delivered Israel from the oppression of Egypt. God’s plan of salvation for mankind, from the oppression of sin, was completed during Passover when Jesus was crucified.
One way for non-Jews to learn from the events of Passover is to celebrate Passover. However, it is important to remember that Passover is not the same as “Easter.” EEK!!! Don’t say “Easter!!!” Easter is a concoction of the King James Bible in Acts 12:4. Easter was not anything that the early church or Jews celebrated when Jesus was crucified, and is not the same as “Resurrection Sunday.” It’s okay to say “Resurrection Sunday.”
A good way to celebrate Passover is to include it as part of a fellowship meal at a church, or other location. A Passover Seder (an order) can be a part of a meal. If no one is capable of leading a Seder, a fellowship meal can be used for fellowship, and a remembrance of the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus. A good guide for such an occasion is Matthew 26:17-30. Someone, or someones, can read that passage and offer explanations of that which was happening in Jerusalem on the Thursday night of the Passover Meal, also known as Maundy Thursday. Read verses 17-19; then a prayer should be said to bless the meal; and then, “let the eating begin.” A leader should decide a time during the meal to read verses 20-26. Then someone can lead the group in a prayer for the bread, and lead the group in eating the bread (not an itsy bitsy wafer). Someone should read verse 27, and then lead the group in prayer and drinking from a cup of grape juice (not an itsy bitsy sippy cup) (or wine…remember the drive home). The meal should continue, and a reader should read verses 28-29 while the meal is being eaten. Comments should continue to be made about what happened during that last Passover Meal of Jesus and His disciples (Women were probably there, too! I don’t remember reading a scripture about “no women allowed” in meals with Jesus! Consider Luke 24:27-30. I don’t think that, at that meal in Emmaus, that the women were told to “vacate the premises!”). After the fellowship meal, verse 30 should be read, and a song should be sung that meets the meaning of the occasion. A prayer should be made to dismiss the group with travel mercies. Then, the cleanup should begin – but not before!…..It makes no sense to me that church fellowship meals take place so often; yet, there is not normally a time during those meals to remember the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus. Consider the value of having a seder. In the seder meal, Jesus is easily identified as being “the key” part of the meal. The seder, if combined with the fellowship meal, should take place before the beginning of the meal.
The Passover, The Sabbath, and The Law are special in relationship between God and the Jews. Non-Jews benefit from respecting those, and other, “God-Jew” intimacies of relationship, such as the Jews being delivered from the oppressive Leader of Egypt.
Joseph sold into slavery (1897 B.C.)
Beginning of Jewish Slavery in Egypt (1875 B.C.)
Deliverance of Jews from Egypt (1445 B.C.)
Genesis 15:13 New Living Translation (NLT) (Abraham was told by God of that Israel would be oppressed in Egypt)
13 Then the Lord said to Abram, “You can be sure that your descendants will be strangers in a foreign land, where they will be oppressed as slaves for 400 years.
Exodus 12:40-42 New Living Translation (NLT) (Israel delivered from bondage) (The Passover to be kept by the Jews)
40 The people of Israel had lived in Egypt for 430 years. 41 In fact, it was on the last day of the 430th year that all the Lord’s forces left the land. 42 On this night the Lord kept his promise to bring his people out of the land of Egypt. So this night belongs to him, and it must be commemorated every year by all the Israelites, from generation to generation.
Note: 12:40, 41 four hundred and thirty years. Abraham had been told that his descendants would be aliens mistreated in a foreign land for 400 years, using a figure rounded to hundreds (Gen. 15:13). (Mac Arthur Study Bible Note)
Jacob/Israel Moves To Egypt
Genesis 46:1-7 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
1 So Israel set out with all that he had, and came to Beersheba, and offered sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac. 2 God spoke to Israel in visions of the night and said, “Jacob, Jacob.” And he said, “Here I am.” 3 He said, “I am God, the God of your father; do not be afraid to go down to Egypt, for I will make you a great nation there. 4 I will go down with you to Egypt, and I will also surely bring you up again; and Joseph will close your eyes.”
5 Then Jacob arose from Beersheba; and the sons of Israel carried their father Jacob and their little ones and their wives in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him. 6 They took their livestock and their property, which they had acquired in the land of Canaan, and came to Egypt, Jacob and all his descendants with him: 7 his sons and his grandsons with him, his daughters and his granddaughters, and all his descendants he brought with him to Egypt.
Genesis 50:24 New Living Translation (NLT) (Joseph tells his brothers that God will take them out of Egypt)
24 “Soon I will die,” Joseph told his brothers, “but God will surely come to help you and lead you out of this land of Egypt. He will bring you back to the land he solemnly promised to give to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.”
The Path To The Passover
Exodus 1:1-10 New American Standard Bible (NASB) Israel Multiplies In Egypt
1 Now these are the names of the sons of Israel who came to Egypt with Jacob; they came each one with his household: 2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah; 3 Issachar, Zebulun and Benjamin; 4 Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher. 5 All the persons who came from the loins of Jacob were seventy in number, but Joseph was already in Egypt. 6 Joseph died, and all his brothers and all that generation. 7 But the sons of Israel were fruitful and increased greatly, and multiplied, and became exceedingly mighty, so that the land was filled with them.
8 Now a new king arose over Egypt, who did not know Joseph. 9 He said to his people, “Behold, the people of the sons of Israel are more and mightier than we. 10 Come, let us deal wisely with them, or else they will multiply and in the event of war, they will also join themselves to those who hate us, and fight against us and depart from the land.”
Exodus 1:11 and 22 – Harsh Labor – Death of Jewish Infants
11 So they appointed taskmasters over them to afflict them with hard labor. And they built for Pharaoh storage cities, Pithom and Rameses. 12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and the more they spread out, so that they were in dread of the sons of Israel. 13 The Egyptians compelled the sons of Israel to labor rigorously; 14 and they made their lives bitter with hard labor in mortar and bricks and at all kinds of labor in the field, all their labors which they rigorously imposed on them.
22 Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying, “Every son who is born you are to cast into the Nile, and every daughter you are to keep alive.” (The babies became crocodile food. Aborted babies of today have similar abominable things to happen to them and their body parts. Later, when the Egyptian army was pursuing the Jews across the dried up Red Sea; those who were caught in the middle when the water returned became fish food – how ironic!)
Exodus 5:6-13 – Cruel labor techniques (Read)
God’s Plagues On Egypt In Exodus
Water turned to blood (7:14-25); Frogs cover the land (8:1-15); Gnats (8:16-19); Swarms of flies (8:20-22); Diseased livestock (9:1-7); Boils (9:8-12); Hail and fire (9:13-35); Locusts (10:1-20); Darkness (10:21-29); Death of firstborn (11:1-12:36)
The Exodus of Israel from Egypt and the Passover.
God Commands The Sacrifice Of The Passover Lamb: Exodus 12:1-11 (Read)
Consider the blood and the door.
Exodus 12:7 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
7 They must take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and the lintel of the houses where they eat them.
Redemption: By Blood: Exodus 12:12-13 (Read)
Exodus 12:13 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
13 The blood on the houses where you are staying will be a distinguishing mark for you; when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No plague will be among you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.
The Passover: A Memorial Of Redemption: Exodus 12:14-28 (Read)
Exodus 12:21-23 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB) (Key)
21 Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Go, select an animal from the flock according to your families, and slaughter the Passover animal. 22 Take a cluster of hyssop, dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and brush the lintel and the two doorposts with some of the blood in the basin. None of you may go out the door of his house until morning.23 When the Lord passes through to strike Egypt and sees the blood on the lintel and the two doorposts, He will pass over the door and not let the destroyer enter your houses to strike you.
Consider the door that relates to Jesus.
John 10:9 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
9 I am the door. If anyone enters by Me, he will be saved and will come in and go out and find pasture.
The Feasts Of The Lord: The Passover: Christ Our Redeemer: Leviticus 23:4-5. Fulfilled in death of Christ: 2 Cor 5:7. (Read)
The Feasts Of The Lord: Unleavened Bread: Leviticus 23:6-8. Fulfilled in the sinlesssness of Christ: 1 Cor 5:8. (Read)
The three major feasts for which all males of Israel were required to travel to the temple in Jerusalem (Ex 23:14-17) 1. Unleavened Bread. 2. Pentecost. 3. Tabernacles. (Leviticus 23 MacArthur Study Bible Note,Jewish Feasts).
The Last Passover Of Jesus With His Disciples:
“Maundy Thursday” The word Maundy is derived from the Latin word for “command.” The “Maundy” in “Maundy Thursday” refers to the command that Jesus gave to the disciples at the Passover meal, that they should love and serve one another.
The Preparation Of The Passover Meal: (Read All)
Matthew 26:17-19: Consider the task and accomplishment of the preparation of the Passover meal. Mark 14:12-16: Consider the place for the Providence and place of the Passover meal. Luke 22:7-13: Consider the names of the disciples who prepared the Passover meal.
The Humility Of Jesus At The Passover Meal: (Read)
John 13:1-5: Consider the humility of Jesus washing the feet of the disciples, to include Judas. Consider the cultural aspect of washing someone’s feet.
The Placement Of The Disciples At The Passover Meal: The special relationship between Jesus and John. The physical closeness of Jesus and John. Others may not have heard the conversation of Jesus and John. John 13:23 and 25 (Read)
The Passover Meal
Matthew 26:20-30. It was a meal with wine. It was not an “itsy bitsy wafer” and an “itsy bitsy sippy cup.” (Read)
What is a Passover Seder?
What happens at a Passover Seder meal?
A Passover seder is a service held at home as part of the Passover celebration. It is always observed on the first night of Passover, and in many homes on the second night as well. Participants use a book called a haggadah to lead the service, which consists of storytelling, a seder meal, and concluding prayers and songs.
Consider The Feast Days/Holy Days Of God, in that they were given by God to only the Jews.
Following the verses of Leviticus Chapter 23, there are key comments that are provided by the MacArthur Study Bible (everyone should own a MacArthur Study Bible).
Leviticus 23 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB) (A sampling of Chapter 23 is provided)
1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 2 “Speak to the Israelites and tell them: These are My appointed times, the times of the Lord that you will proclaim as sacred assemblies.
3 “Work may be done for six days, but on the seventh day there must be a Sabbath of complete rest, a sacred assembly. You are not to do any work; it is a Sabbath to the Lord wherever you live.
4 “These are the Lord’s appointed times, the sacred assemblies you are to proclaim at their appointed times.
5 The Passover to the Lord comes in the first month, at twilight on the fourteenth day of the month. 6 The Festival of Unleavened Bread to the Lord is on the fifteenth day of the same month. For seven days you must eat unleavened bread. 7 On the first day you are to hold a sacred assembly; you are not to do any daily work. 8 You are to present a fire offering to the Lord for seven days. On the seventh day there will be a sacred assembly; you must not do any daily work.”
44 So Moses declared the Lord’s appointed times to the Israelites.
Feast of Month on Jewish Calendar Day Corresponding Month References
Passover Nisan 14 Mar.-Apr. Ex. 12:1-14;Matt. 26:17-20
*Unleavened Bread Nisan 15-21 Mar.-Apr. Ex. 12:15-20
Firstfruits Nisan 16 Mar.-Apr. Lev. 23:9-14
or Sivan 6 May-June Num. 28:26
*Pentecost (Harvest or Weeks) Sivan 6 (50 days after May-June Deut. 16:9-12; Acts 2:1 barley harvest)
Trumpets, Rosh Hashanah Tishri 1, 2 Sept.-Oct. Num. 29:1-6
Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur Tishri 10 Sept.-Oct. Lev. 23:26-32; Heb. 9:7
*Tabernacles (Booths or Ingathering) Tishri 15-21 Sept.-Oct. Neh. 8:13-18; John 7:2
Dedication (Lights), Hanukkah Chislev 25 (8 days) Nov.-Dec. John 10:22
Purim (Lots) Adar 14, 15 Feb.-Mar. Esth. 9:18-32
*The three major feasts for which all males of Israel were required to travel to the temple in Jerusalem (Ex. 23:14-19).
Christ Fulfills The Feasts
The Feasts (Lev. 23) Christ’s Fulfillment
Passover (March/April) Death of Christ (1 Cor. 5:7)
Unleavened Bread (March/April) Sinlessness of Christ (1 Cor. 5:8) (See note on Lev 23:2)
Firstfruits (March/April) Resurrection of Christ (1 Cor. 15:23)
Pentecost (May/June) Outpouring of Spirit of Christ (Acts 1:5;2:4)
Trumpets (Sept./Oct.) Israel’s Regathering by Christ (Matt. 24:31)
Atonement (Sept./Oct.) Substitutionary Sacrifice by Christ (Rom. 11:26)
Tabernacles (Sept./Oct.) Rest and Reunion with Christ (Zech. 14:16-19)
23:1—24:9 The special feasts of Israel are explained. Cf. Ex. 23:14–17; Num. 28:1–29:40; Deut. 16:1–17.
23:1–44 This section points to days which are sacred to the Lord. After the Sabbath (v. 3), the feasts are given in the order of the calendar (vv. 4–44).
23:2 proclaim to be holy convocations. These festivals did not involve gatherings of all Israel in every case. Only the feasts of 1) Unleavened Bread; 2) Weeks; and 3) Tabernacles required that all males gather in Jerusalem (cf. Ex. 23:14–17; Deut. 16:16, 17).
23:3 Sabbath of solemn rest. The Mosaic ordinance of the fourth commandment came first (cf. Gen. 2:1–3; Ex. 20:8–11).
23:4–22 Three events were commemorated in Mar./Apr.: 1) Passover on the 14th (v. 5); 2) Feast of Unleavened Bread on the 15th-21st (vv. 6–8); and Feast of Firstfruits on the day after the Sabbath of Unleavened Bread week (vv. 9–14).
23:5 the Lord’s Passover. The festival commemorated God’s deliverance of Israel from Egypt (cf. Ex. 12:1–14, 43–49; Num. 28:16; Deut. 16:1, 2).
23:6–8 Feast of Unleavened Bread. This festival connected with the Passover, commemorated Israel’s hurried departure from Egypt and the associated hardships (cf. Ex. 12:15–20;13:3–10; Num. 28:17–25; Deut. 16:3–8).
Passover Videos, Of Messianic Belief.
The last two videos might even “get Bubba excited!”
A note from Teresa, who is our ministry partner in Washington State.
Kind of interesting that the first day of Passover falls on Shabbat this year..and the last day of Passover is also considered a Shabbat (hence the no work day on the 7th day of Passover, Thursday night to Friday ) followed by the regular Shabbat. on Friday/Saturday. Three Sabbaths in a row!