The Lord’s Sabbath

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Genesis 1:31-2:3 King James Version (KJV) (4004 B.C., Scofield Study Bible).

31 And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.

1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.
2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.
3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.

This passage is the first one that mentions the seventh day.

Exodus 16:22-24 New King James Version (NKJV) (1491 B.C., Scofield Study Bible)

22 And so it was, on the sixth day, that they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. And all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses. 23 Then he said to them, “This is what the Lord has said: ‘Tomorrow is a Sabbath rest, a holy Sabbath to the Lord. Bake what you will bake today, and boil what you will boil; and lay up for yourselves all that remains, to be kept until morning.’” 24 So they laid it up till morning, as Moses commanded; and it did not stink, nor were there any worms in it.

This passage is the first one that mentions the Sabbath, 2513 years since the “seventh day” was mentioned. Only the Jews were present when the teachings of the Sabbath were made by God….to Moses…to only the Jews… Read Exodus 16:1-21. Read the follow groups of scriptures that relate to the Lord’s Sabbath as it related to the Jews…to only the Jews.

Exodus 16:25-27 New King James Version (NKJV)

25 Then Moses said, “Eat that today, for today is a Sabbath to the Lord; today you will not find it in the field. 26 Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, the Sabbath, there will be none.”
27 Now it happened that some of the people went out on the seventh day to gather, but they found none.

Exodus 16:28-30 New King James Version (NKJV)

28 And the Lord said to Moses, “How long do you refuse to keep My commandments and My laws? 29 See! For the Lord has given you the Sabbath; therefore He gives you on the sixth day bread for two days. Let every man remain in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.” 30 So the people rested on the seventh day.

Exodus 31:15-17 New King James Version (NKJV) (1491, B.C., Scofield Study Bible)

15 Work shall be done for six days, but the seventh is the Sabbath of rest, holy to the Lord. Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death. 16 Therefore the children of Israel shall keep the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant. 17 It is a sign between Me and the children of Israel forever; for in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed.’”

The Sabbath is Holy to the Lord; to be kept by the children of Israel. The Sabbath is to be a sign between God and the children of Israel, forever. In six days God made the heavens and the earth. Consider the word “day.” In every instance of “day” in Exodus 31:15-17, the Hebrew word is “Yom,” (3117) which means “day.” (See below, for a Hebrew explanation of day.)

days יָמִ֗ים ya·mim 3117 day

yom: day
Original Word: יוֹם
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Transliteration: yom
Phonetic Spelling: (yome)
Short Definition: day

In Genessis 1:5, 8, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19, 23, and 31, the word for day is also “Yom,” (3117), which also means “day.”
day, יֹ֔ום yo·vm, 3117 day a prim. root

The repeated and constant use of the word “day” is “Yom.” (from Genesis 1:1 though 2:4):

5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.
8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.
13 And the evening and the morning were the third day.
14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:
16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. (notice the relationship between day and night)
18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good. (notice the relationship between day and night)
19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.
23 And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.
31 And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.

Continue with Chapter 2.

1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.
2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.
3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
4 These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens,

Notice that the phrase “and the evening and the morning,” were the first day, etc… The Sabbath begins on the evening (sunset) of Friday of each week and lasts until the evening (sunset) of Saturday of each week. There is no great length of millions of billions of years in between the evening and morning of each day of creation. The same Hebrew word for day is “Yom” in Genesis 1 and 2 and in the Exodus accounts of day/Yom. In both, Genesis and Exodus, the term “day” relates to continuous twenty-four days.

In Exodus 20:9-11, the word “day” is “Yom,” in every instance that it is used.

9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. 11 For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.

The seventh day is “only” the seventh day. The Sabbath Day is “only” the Sabbath Day that occurs “only” on the seventh day. No other day of the week can be made into the Sabbath. The descendants of Israel were the only people who were present when God gave the Sabbath Day to the Jews for keeping (Exodus 31:16; Exodus 1:1-11 and 19:1 through Exodus 20:8. The subject of Exodus is the deliverance of Israel by God from a tyrannical Egyptian leader. Of the descendants of Shem through Abraham, only the descendants of Jacob, the Israelites, were present in the book of Exodus. None of the descendants of Ham or Japheth were present in the book of Exodus. (Noah was the father of Shem, Ham and Japheth…Genesis 9:18; 10:1). Remember that the army of Egypt was chasing the Israelites; no other groups of people were mentioned as joining the fleeing Jews to also be chased by the murderous Egyptians (who would soon became fish food in the Red Sea!).

The Sabbath is special to God, and to the Jews. It is also special to every other group of people because,”God made it special; He made it holy.” Consider how we can keep the Sabbath Holy.

“Shabbat Shalom”

‘Shabbat’ means ‘sabbath’ – so, the seventh day of the week when the Torah instructs the Jewish people to do no work on that day, but rather rest.

‘Shalom’ means ‘peace’ – in the sense of ‘the peace of God’, or something to that effect. By itself, it is a common greeting in Hebrew.

So, saying ‘Shabbat Shalom’ to someone is an expression of your wish for them to enjoy and experience that peace on Shabbat.

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