The Gospel Of John – Introduction And 1:1-1:18

The Gospel Of John – Introduction And 1:1-1:18

Introduction And 1:1-1:18

References:

SRN (Scofield Reference Notes, Dr. C.I. Scofield, Editor)
RSB (Reformation Study Bible, Dr. R.C. Sproul, Editor).

Book Introduction – (SRN) John (Provided by Scofield Reference Notes; Dr. C.I. Scofield, deceased).

WRITER: The fourth Gospel was written by the Apostle John (John 21:24). This has been questioned on critical grounds, but on the same grounds and with equal scholarship, the early date and Johanean authorship have been maintained.

DATE: The date of John’s Gospel falls between A.D. 85 and 90. Probably the latter.

THEME: This is indicated both in the Prologue (John 1:1-14), and in the last verse of the Gospel proper (John 20:31), and is: The incarnation of the eternal Word, and Son of life; (2) that as many as believe on Him as “the Christ, the Son of God” (John 20:31) may have eternal life. The prominent words are, “believed” and “life.”

The book is in seven natural divisions:

1. Prologue: The eternal Word incarnate in Jesus the Christ, John 1:1-14.
2. The witness of John the Baptist, John 1:15-34.
3. The public ministry of Christ, John 1:35 to John 12:50.
4. The private ministry of Christ to His own, John 13:1 to John 17:26.
5. The sacrifice of Christ, John 18:1 to John 19:42.
6. The manifestation of Christ in resurrection, John 20:1-31.
7. Epilogue: Christ the Master of life and service, John 21:1-25.

The events recorded in this book cover a period of 7 years

John 1:1-18 New American Standard Bible (NASB) – Prologue

1:1–18 This “Prologue” to the Gospel is a preface to the narrative beginning at v. 19. (Reformation Study Bible).

The Deity of Jesus Christ

1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being. 4 In Him was life, and the life was the Light of men. 5 The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.

The Witness John

6 There came a man sent from God, whose name was John. 7 He came as a witness, to testify about the Light, so that all might believe through him. 8 He was not the Light, but he came to testify about the Light.

9 There was the true Light which, coming into the world, enlightens every man.10 He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him. 11 He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him. 12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, even to those who believe in His name, 13 who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.

The Word Made Flesh

14 And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth. 15 John *testified about Him and cried out, saying, “This was He of whom I said, ‘He who comes after me has a higher rank than I, for He existed before me.’” 16 For of His fullness we have all received, and grace upon grace. 17 For the Law was given through Moses; grace and truth were realized through Jesus Christ. 18 No one has seen God at any time; the only begotten God who is in the bosom of the Father, He has explained Him.

Verse 1 (RSB)

1:1 the Word. The term “Word” (Greek logos) designates God the Son with respect to His deity; “Jesus” and “Christ” refer to His incarnation and saving work. During the first three centuries, doctrines of the Person of Christ focused intensely on His position as the Logos. In Greek philosophy, the Logos was “reason” or “logic” as an abstract force that brought order and harmony to the universe. But in John’s writings such qualities of the Logos are gathered in the Person of Christ. In Neo-Platonic philosophy and the Gnostic heresy (second and third centuriesa.d.), the Logos was seen as one of many intermediate powers between God and the world. Such notions are far removed from the simplicity of John’s Gospel.

In this verse the Word is expressly affirmed to be God. The Word existed already “in the beginning” (a clear reference to the opening words of the Bible), which is a way of denoting the eternity that is unique to God. John states clearly, “the Word was God.” Some have observed that the word translated “God” here has no definite article, and argued on this basis that it means “a god” rather than “God.” This is a misunderstanding; the article is omitted because of the word order in the Greek sentence (the predicate “God” has been placed first for emphasis). The New Testament never endorses the idea of “a god,” an expression that implies polytheism and is in sharp conflict with the consistent monotheism of the Bible. In the New Testament, the Greek word for “God” occurs often without the definite article, depending on the requirements of Greek grammar.

That “the Word was with God,” indicates a distinction of Persons within the unity of the Godhead. Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are not successive forms of appearance of one Person, but are eternal Persons present from “the beginning” (v. 2). “With” suggests a relationship of close personal intimacy. See “One and Three: The Trinity” at Is. 44:6.

Verse 3 (RSB)

1:3 All things were made through him. This verse also emphasizes the deity of the Word, since creation belongs to God alone. See also v. 10; Col. 1:16–17; “God the Creator” at Ps. 148:5.

Verse 4 (RSB)

1:4 In him was life. Another affirmation of deity: the Son as well as the Father has “life in himself” (5:26).

Verse 5 (RSB)

1:5 has not overcome it. It is characteristic of the style of this Gospel to emphasize contrasting concepts (see Introduction). The plot of this Gospel could be seen in terms of a struggle between the forces of faith and unbelief.

Verses 7, 9, 11 (RSB)

1:7, 9 all . . . everyone. The universal relevance of the gospel is asserted (v. 7) as well as the enlightening activity of God’s common grace (v. 9). God’s saving activity is not restricted to any particular people.

Verse 7 (SRN)).

Verse 17

grace

Grace. Summary:

(1) Grace is “the kindness and love of God our Savior toward man.. . not by works of righteousness which we have done” Titus 3:4; Titus 3:5.

It is, therefore, constantly set in contrast to law, under which God demands righteousness from man, as, under grace, he gives righteousness to man Romans 3:21; Romans 3:22; Romans 8:4; Philippians 3:9. Law is connected with Moses and works; grace with Christ and faith; John 1:17; Romans 10:4-10. Law blesses the good; grace saves the bad; Exodus 19:5; Ephesians 2:1-9. Law demands that blessings be earned; grace is a free gift; Deuteronomy 28:1-6; Ephesians 2:8; Romans 4:4; Romans 4:5.

(2) As a dispensation, grace begins with the death and resurrection of Christ Romans 3:24-26, Romans 4:24; Romans 4:25. The point of testing is no longer legal obedience as the condition of salvation, but acceptance or rejection of Christ, with good works as a fruit of salvation,; John 1:12; John 1:13; John 3:36; Matthew 21:37; Matthew 22:24; John 15:22; John 15:25; Hebrews 1:2; 1 John 5:10-12. The immediate result of this testing was the rejection of Christ by the Jews, and His crucifixion by Jew and Gentile Acts 4:27. The predicted end of the testing of man under grace is the apostasy of the professing church: See “Apostasy” (See Scofield “2 Timothy 3:1”) 2 Timothy 3:1-8 and the resultant apocalyptic judgments.

(3) Grace has a twofold manifestation: in salvation Romans 3:24 and in the walk and service of the saved Romans 6:15.

Verse 9 (RSB)

1:9 The true light. In this Gospel, “truth” and “true” are often employed to signify what is everlasting or heavenly, as opposed to the merely temporal or earthly. See notes 4:24; 6:32; “Mankind’s Guilty Knowledge of God” at Rom. 1:19.

Verse 11 (RSB)

1:11 did not receive him. Jesus’ public ministry was one of rejection by “his own people”

Verse 12 (RSB)

1:12 Fallen human beings are not children of God by nature; this is the privilege only of those who have faith, a faith generated in them by the sovereign action of God (v. 13). See Gal. 4:5 (Adoption).

Verse 13 (RSB)

1:13 who were born. Early Latin versions understood this to describe the virgin birth of Christ. However, the plural verb “were born” shows that this verse is about the new birth of Christian believers (cf. 3:3, 5, 7, 8). This new birth takes place by the action of the Spirit giving life to those who were “dead in . . . trespasses and sins” (Eph. 2:1). The new birth, often called “regeneration,” is explained more fully in 3:1–21. Paul uses the metaphor of a resurrection from death in sin rather than the image of rebirth (Rom. 6:4–6; Eph. 2:5, 6; Col. 2:13; 3:1; cf. John 5:24). God’s work of salvation is wholly sovereign and gracious, but the reality of the human response in believing and receiving is never cancelled. See Rom. 9:18.(Election and Reprobation)

Verse 14 (RSB)

1:14 the Word became flesh. This is the climactic assertion of the Prologue. To some of John’s contemporaries, spirit and the divine were utterly opposed to matter and flesh. To others, the gods were thought to visit the earth disguised as human beings (Acts 14:11). But here a chasm is bridged: the eternal Word of God did not merely appear to be a human being, but actually became flesh. He took to Himself a full and genuine human nature. See theological note “Jesus Christ, God and Man” on next page.

dwelt among us. “Dwelt” means “pitched His tent.” This not only indicates the temporary nature of Jesus’ earthly existence, but does so in a way that recalls ancient Israel’s tabernacle, where God could be found (Ex. 40:34, 35).

we have seen his glory. His “glory” is beheld, even as God’s was in the wilderness (Ex. 16:1–10; 33:18–23), in the tabernacle (Ex. 40:34–35), and later in the temple (1 Kin. 8:1–11). There may also be a reference to the Transfiguration, since John witnessed it (Matt. 17:1–5). “Glory” applies supremely to God, who is the Creator and Ruler of the universe, and before whom all knees must bow. The Son has the divine glory by right (17:5). The Reformers declared their faith with the motto, Soli Deo Gloria (“To God alone the glory”).

the only Son. This phrase translates a single Greek word and explicitly points to the eternal generation of the Son in the Trinity.

full of grace and truth. These words correspond to Old Testament terms describing God’s covenant mercy that are often translated “steadfast love and faithfulness” (Gen. 24:27; Ps. 25:10; Prov. 16:6; cf. Ex. 34:6; Ps. 26:3). The Word made flesh fully manifests the gracious covenant-making and covenant-keeping character of God.

Verse 15: (RSB)

1:15 John the Baptist’s ministry preceded the public ministry of Jesus (Matt. 3), yet the Word, being eternal, existed before John (cf. 8:58).

Verse 16: (RSB)

1:16 grace. This word, frequent in Paul’s epistles, appears in John’s writings only in this passage and as a customary greeting in Rev. 1:4; 22:21. It emphasizes that salvation is a gift. The Reformation expressed this with the motto Sola Gratia (“by grace alone”).

Verse 17: (RSB)

1:17 Moses . . . Jesus Christ. There is both contrast and comparison. Grace and truth truly existed in Moses’ day, but they were fully revealed in the coming of Christ.

Verse 18: (RSB)

1:18 No one has ever seen God. It is fundamental that God is invisible and without form (1 Tim. 6:16). Yet Christ reveals God. He brings the invisible and the visible together in a way that has no parallel or analogy.

Feast Of Tabernacles

Psalm 122:6, “Pray for the peace of Jerusalem:May they prosper who love you.”
We will begin the Feast Of Tabernacles today (Sunday, Sep 27) at sunset. The feast is also known as Sukkot and the Feast of Booths. Consider the passages that discuss this feast and its fulfillment in Jesus.

The Feast: Leviticus 23:33-43; Deuteronomy 16:16; Ezra 3:4; Nehemiah 8:13-18; John 7:2.

The Fulfillment In Jesus/Rest And Reunion With Christ: Zechariah 14:16-19.

The Feast Of Tabernacles will being this sunset, September,27, and will last until sunset on October 4.

The opening link shows a “Feast Of Tabernacles” time of worship and praise that was filmed live in Jerusalem, Israel, which was led by Paul Wilbur.

Click onto the following links for additional Sukkot information. Please notice the links are provided are Jewish and not Messianic.

http://www.aish.com/search/?keywords=feast+of++tabernacles&x=15&y=13

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/default_cdo/jewish/holidays.htm

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/JewishNewYear/template_cdo/aid/4126/jewish/Sukkot.htm

Sukkot

Begins sunset of Sunday, September 27, 2015
Ends nightfall of Sunday, October 4, 2015

One World Religion

After 911, God (god) was welcomed to our country, but Jesus was denied access. As you consider the following link, also consider the words of Jesus:

John 14:6 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

6 Jesus *said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Me.

http://lisahavennews.net/2015/09/25/urgent-new-world-order-to-be-ignited-at-un-agenda-21-meeting-one-world-religion-ignited-at-ground-zero-ceremony/

One thought on “THE SHOCKING MESSAGE POPE FRANCIS PREACHED AT NEW YORK’S ST. PATRICK’S CATHEDRAL”

Holiness Of Worship, Any Bleating Sounds Of Cattle Or Goats That Need To Be Removed?

Consider the Holiness of God. Consider one of our recent sermons about the Holiness of God, and of worship.

Holiness Of Worship, Any Bleating Sounds Of Cattle Or Goats That Need To Be Removed?

Please click onto the following link that will allow you to see the video and other posts.

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/

Our church had been digging deeper and deeper into worship, which led to this sermon. The beginning point was John 4:20, where Jesus was having a discussion with a woman of Samaria about the logistics of worship.

John 4:20-23 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

20 Our fathers worshiped in this mountain, and you people say that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.” 21 Jesus *said to her, “Woman, believe Me, an hour is coming when neither in this mountain nor in Jerusalem will you worship the Father. 22 You worship what you do not know; we worship what we know, for salvation is from the Jews. 23 But an hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth; for such people the Father seeks to be His worshipers.

The woman, and other people of Samaria, had been conditioned to worship “at one place,” and she recognized that Jews worshiped “at some other place.” Of course, if we identify a specific place of worship, we may also specify a particular “day of worship.” And, if we specify a day of worship, we might also need to designate a specific “time of worship.” Jesus was having this discussion with a woman of Samaria, of which were known by Jews to be half-breeds. That is because Samaritans had been known to intermarry with gentiles. Then, Jesus mentioned the Jews, and made a true statement that salvation is of the Jews. Jesus knew the scripture teaching of Deuteronomy 7:6: “For you are a holy people to the Lord your God; the Lord your God has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.” But, Jesus made another statement, which tells the truth of the choosing of God of the Jews, and that salvation would be by way of the Jews. He spoke of, “true worshipers,” which did not relate to any specific group of people, but to those who would have an eternal and intimate relationship with God the Father, through God the Son, by way of God the Holy Spirit, as is written in John 17:3: “This is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.” In order for someone to “know God,” they must have an intimate relationship with Him. Such an intimacy is the height of all intimacies, such as the physical and emotional intimacy that should be present in a relationship between a husband and wife. Then, Jesus described such “true worship” as worship that is to be done in “spirit and truth.” A final phrase of that 23rd verse is quite telling of the nature of God, in that He “seeks” such people to be His worshipers. A verse that relates to the seeking by “God the Father,” is one that also describes the seeking by “God the Son,” Luke 19:10, “For the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.”Of course, until we come to saving faith in Jesus, we are all lost. Jesus continues His explanation of true worship in John 4:24.

John 4:24 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

24 God is spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.”

Jesus describes the makeup of God as being “spirit,” and not flesh and bones. And, because God is spirit, he desires His worshipers to worship Him in spirit and truth. So, what do we take from that statement? We have seen ritual involved in so-called worship, but God is Spirit, “the Holy Spirit.” We can not “do things” and call it worship. We need to recognize the truth that God truly is “Spirit,” and approach worship of Him “from the heart.” In essence, true worship of God must be, “all of us for all of Him.” We can not hold back our love and respect for God. We can not allow distractions of the world, or even distractions that may come from our place of worship to become a detriment to our “true worship” of God.

This sermon’s focus dealt with the problems that are present in the church, that get in the way of true worship. The focus was on Jesus, when He was alarmed at the noise that He heard that was coming from the bleating of cattle and goats in the temple. He proceeded to correct the situation through a “changing of the atmosphere” in the temple to allow an unimpaired attitude of worship (John 2:13-15).

John 2:13-15 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

First Passover—Cleansing the Temple

13 The Passover of the Jews was near, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14 And He found in the temple those who were selling oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers seated at their tables. 15 And He made a scourge of cords, and drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and the oxen; and He poured out the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables;

Consider all of the distractions in the temple that prevented “worship in spirit and truth.” The noise that came from the bleating of oxen and sheep, and the voices of the money changers in the temple, would get in the way of any kind of serious worship. The presence of doves in the temple would be a visual distraction. This was the first of two times that Jesus cleansed the temple. The second time that Jesus cleansed the temple came much later in His ministry, and is shown in Matthew 21:12.

Matthew 21:12 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Cleansing the Temple

12 And Jesus entered the temple and drove out all those who were buying and selling in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who were selling doves.

Similar conditions that John recorded appear in Matthew’s gospel. The problem has resurfaced. There is no way that true worship can take place in an environment of noise and of visual distraction.

We discussed Jacob, with his inability to sense the presence of God (Genesis 28:16).

Genesis 28:16 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

16 Then Jacob awoke from his sleep and said, “Surely the Lord is in this place, and I did not know it.”

We discussed personal attitudes of humble worship, as are shown in the following two verses.

Psalm 95:6 King James Version (KJV)

6 O come, let us worship and bow down: let us kneel before the Lord our maker.

Habakkuk 2:20 King James Version (KJV)

20 But the Lord is in his holy temple: let all the earth keep silence before him.

So, we need to ask ourselves a simple question. Is our worship of God impaired by the sounds of “Bleating Cattle or Goats?” If that is so, what do we need to do in order to “change the atmosphere” and allow for unimpaired and Holy Worship?

Please enjoy the following song of that is led by Terry MacAlmon

A Sabbath Worship

We met together as believers in Christ. It was five o’clock on the evening of a Friday. I began reading God’s Holy Word.

Genesis 1:5, “And the evening and the day were the first day.”
Genesis 1:8, “And the evening and the day were the second day.”
Genesis 1:13, “And the evening and the day were the third day.”
Genesis 1:19, “And the evening and the day were the fourth day.”
Genesis 1:23, “And the evening and the day were the fifth day.”
Genesis 1:31, “And the evening and the day were the sixth day.”
Genesis 2:1-3, “Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had made; and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it…”

On this particular day, darkness had turned into dawn, dawn had turned into daylight, daylight had turned into dusk, and as we were reading God’s Holy Word, dusk was turning into darkness, and in our presence Sabbath was beginning, and would continue until sundown on Saturday. We said, “Shabbat Shalom,” which means in Hebrew, “peaceful sabbath.” We had a “Hanukiah,” with us, which is also called a “Hanukkah Menorah.” We discussed the two Jewish Menorahs.

We explained the Temple Menorah, as follows:

The menorah (Hebrew: מְנוֹרָה‎ [mənoːˈɾaː]) is described in the Bible as the seven-lamp (six branches) ancient Hebrew lamp stand made of pure gold and used in the portable sanctuary set up by Moses in the wilderness and later in the Temple in Jerusalem. Fresh olive oil of the purest quality was burned daily to light its lamps. The menorah has been a symbol of Judaism since ancient times and is the emblem on the coat of arms of the modern state of Israel.

We explained the Hanukkah Menorah, as follows:

Hanukkah (Hebrew: חנוכה‎, also spelled Chanukah), also known as the Festival of Lights, is an eight-day Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem at the time of the Maccabean Revolt of the 2nd century BC. Hanukkah is observed for eight nights, starting on the 25th day of Kislev according to the Hebrew calendar, and may occur from late November to late December on the Gregorian calendar. Hanukkah lasts this year from sunset of December 6 through sunset of December 14 (2015). The festival is observed by the kindling of the lights of a special candelabrum, the nine-branched Menorah or Hanukiah, one light on each night of the holiday, progressing to eight on the final night. An extra light called a shamash (Hebrew: “guard” or “servant”) is also lit each night for the purpose of lighting the others, and is given a distinct location, usually above or below the rest.

We discussed the significance of the “shamash” candle. It lit all of the other candles, and as “light” it represents Jesus, who is the light of the world (John 1:3-5). We related Haunkkah to John 10, vs 22-23, where Jesus was present for the Feast of Dedication, which was also known as the Festival Of Lights. It was during that particular Hanukkah that Jesus said some very important things to the Jews who were also present for the Feast Of Dedication. In vs 27, Jesus said that He would have an intimate relationship with Jews who would follow Him; they would ear His voice, He would know them, and they would follow Him. In vs 28/29 Jesus said that He would give eternal life to those Jews who would become intimate with Him (follow Him). He affirmed that promise by saying that no one could pluck them out of His hand: “neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.” Jesus had spoken to Nicodemus about this “new birth” in John 3:3-8. In John 10 vs 30 Jesus said to the Jews, “I and My Father are One.” So, Jesus was telling the Jews that they were seeing God, “who was with them.” (Isaiah 7:14/Matthew 1:23). It is important to understand that Jesus is talking to Jews. Specifically, He is talking to Jews who had not believed in Him. So, in this setting, it points out that it is important to address Jews as either believing Jews, or unbelieving Jews. The significance of this discourse is that it was between Jesus and Jews. (John 1:9, “He came to His own..”) The application is universal. It’s amazing how a discussion of Hanukkah led to a discussion of the new birth. So, we shall proceed to a deeper discussion of that which applies not only to Jews, but also to every person who has ever lived, or who will ever have life.

In a discussion of being born again, we should determine why it is necessary for us to be born again. We have to go back to the garden of Eden. After Adam and Eve sinned their action resulted in the fall, which we can easily see as being our fallen world. When we read the creation account we see its finished state God’s analysis of His finished work is found In Genesis 1: 31, where He said that it was “very good.” Everything was perfect. But, with the fall, imperfection rushed into the world. That is why we have death-causing weather, alligators that eat little dogs, and infants that die in their mothers’ wombs. The result of the fall is found in Romans 5:12: “Wherefore, as by one man sin entered the world, and death by sin, and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned.” After Adam and Eve sinned, death attacked their total existence, “spirit, soul, body.” 1 Thessalonians 5:23 identifies those bodily components. Death did not occur in our world until after Adam’s sin. Every birth, from Adam and Eve forward, was that of a child who inherited a flawed body, soul, and spirit. The flawed sperm and egg of every conception resulted in the births of other flawed people who, in turn, would bring about the births of other flawed people. In order for us to have eternal life with God, who is Spirit and is not flawed, we must also have a spirit that is not flawed. There are no exceptions to this reality; it applies to everyone.

There are three passages of scripture which we studied that relate to our being born again, which is also called the new birth and the birth from above. The examples are from three sources of scriptural information, “the old testament, the gospels, and the epistles.” We’ll start right in the middle and take a look at the Gospel of John, Chapter 3, vs 1-8. Nicodemus went to see Jesus, He made very nice statements about Jesus, to Jesus. But, Jesus immediately put the discussion in the right direction. Jesus firmly to Nicodemus, who was a Pharisee and a member of the Sanhedrin, and we can add, “an important Jew.” Jesus even said to Nicodemus in verse 10, “You are a respected Jewish teacher, and yet you don’t understand these things? (He was referring to writings of the Prophet Ezekiel that Nicodemus should have known.) So, Jesus commended Nicodemus, and then got his attention by questioning his understanding of scripture. So, with Nicodemus coming to Jesus, “with all his Jewishness, Jesus got straight to the point and said, “Nicodemus if you want to live in eternity with God, you must be born again. You must have a spirit that is as pure and clean as God’s Spirit, and that won’t happen by your own works.” In John 3:3, Jesus said, “unless you are born again, you can’t see the Kingdom of God.” In verse 5, Jesus said,”unless you are born of water and of the Spirit, you can not enter into the Kingdom of God.” Jesus was referring to a cleansing that is the result of the action of the Holy Spirit. In verse 6, Jesus said that Spirit can only be born of Spirit, so Nicodemus had to be born of the Holy Spirit. In verse 7, “Jesus said,again, “you must be born again.” To explain how the spiritual new birth happened,Jesus used verse 8 to relate the movement of the wind to the work of the Holy Spirit. We can’t see the wind, or know its direction or speed. But, we can know when it has been somewhere. The wind can go to the left, right, front, or rear of us, It can go fast, slow, or somewhere in between. It can turn in circles, and it can stand still. It is the same with the Spirit. And, after a spirit has been “born again” in someone, it can be known that the Holy Spirit has “been there – done that!” When we are filled with, and indwelt by the Holy Spirit, we have a spirit that is as pure and clean as the Holy Spirit Himself. He will be our comforter (John 14:16-17). The Holy Spirit will convict us of sin, righteousness, and Judgement (John 16:7-11).

The result of the new birth is explained by the Apostle Paul in 1 Corinthians 5:17. While under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, Paul wrote, “Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. The old has passed away; behold, the new has come.” The old and the new refer to the old and new spirits of a person. The new creation, the newly born spirit, allows a person who has been born again to be able to enter into the kingdom of God; the newborn spirit has also begun to indwell the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. We find that written in John 14:20, “On that day you will know that I am in my Father and that you are in me and that I am in you.” In Colossians 1:27, we read, “…. Christ in you, the hope of glory.” We will indwell Christ “literally,” by literally being, “in Christ.” And remember John 10:28: “no one can pluck them out of My hand,” and verse 29, “no one can pluck them out of My Father’s hand.”

The old testament discusses the new birth in the writing of the prophet Ezekiel. That is the point of Jesus when he was speaking to Nicodemus. Nicodemus is someone, above most others, who should have known the teachings of all of the prophets. In Ezekiel 36:24-29, we see a teaching of the new birth. It is given to Israel, as a nation, and to Jews, individually. We need to look at this passage of scripture very carefully. Read it with fresh eyes and mind. I will put the passage before you. but as you read it keep in mind the words of Jesus in His discussion with Nicodemus, and how He related the work of the Holy Spirit to the movement of the wind. Notice, also, that God is not saying to Ezekiel, “if you will, I will.” God is clearly saying, “I will;” Israel is not the “tail that wags the dog.” Also, remember the words of Psalm 103:19, “The Lord has prepared His throne in the heavens; and His kingdom rules over all.” Also remember the purpose of God the Father, through God the Son, as it is written in Luke 19:10, “The Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.” God has always been proactive in leading the world (John 3:16) to saving faith in Him through Jesus. Israel, as a nation and individually, was lost. Every person who has ever been conceived has also been lost and in need of the saving power of Jesus. Now, let’s look at how God intervenes in the needs of Israel, to include the nation and the individual Jews

Ezekiel 36:24-29, “24 “For I will take you from the nations, gather you from all the lands and bring you into your own land. 25 “Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean ; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. 26 “Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27 “I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will be careful to observe My ordinances. 28 “You will live in the land that I gave to your forefathers ; so you will be My people, and I will be your God. 29 “Moreover, I will save you from all your uncleanness ; and I will call for the grain and multiply it, and I will not bring a famine on you.”

In verse 24, God says, “I will gather you.” In verse 25, He says, I will cleanse you. In verse 26, God says, I will put a new heart and new spirit within you, and I will remove the heart of stone from you and replace it with a heart of flesh. In verse 27, God says, I will put My Spirit within you. In verse 28, God says to the Jews, ” you will live in the land that I gave to you.” In verse 29, God says, “I will save you from your uncleanness.” In this passage, God is clearly in control, and is not acting in response to anything that the nation of Israel, or the individual Jews, have done, are doing, or will be doing. God is the potter, the Jews are the clay (Jeremiah 18:1-6). God’s saving work on the nation of Israel is also through individual Jews.

With our having Sabbath Worship, we discussed true worship. Our scripture text was taken from John’s Gospel, Chapter 4. We discussed the encounter of the Samaritan woman with Jesus, verses 19-24., The topic was worship. The woman pointed out the differences of worship between Jews and Samaritans. Jews worshiped at the temple in Jerusalem, but Samaritans worshiped elsewhere. So, the woman says, “what gives?” With such a clear opportunity for Jesus to put aside all of the questions and confusion that exists among the Christian world today, Jesus gave a simple answer to the woman. The woman had addressed times, days, and places of worship. (You can figure that one out?) Plain and simple, Jesus said in verse 24, “God is spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.” In AD 70, the temple in Jerusalem would be destroyed, so that would take care of the time, day, and place situation. So, He said that true worship is that of “spirit and truth.” It is a worship that includes, “all that we are,” for “all that He is.” .

During our Sabbath Worship, we discussed Matthew 5:17, as Jesus said, “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill.” The Law of the Old Testament was fulfilled in Jesus: “It is finished” (John 19:30). In Galatians 3:24, we see the purpose of the Law: “Therefore the Law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ, so that we may be justified by faith.”

Before we go our separate ways, let us again consider worship. The video that was seen was at the beginning of this post was filmed live during the Feast Of Tabernacles in Jerusalem, Israel. This year, the Feast Of Tabernacles will last from the evening of September 27 through sunset of October 4, 2015. Sukkot is also a name that is used for this festival. The video that is shown in this blog is one of the best worship videos that you can find. The length of the video is fifty-seven minutes, so there is a lot of time for worship of our Lord and Savior, Jesus.

God, The Sabbath, The Law, and The Jews

http://www.gty.org/Resources/Sermons/…

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/
Click onto the above link to see the video, and other posts.

God, The Sabbath, The Law, and The Jews

Genesis 1:31 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

31 God saw all that He had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.

Genesis 2:1-3 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

1 Thus the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts. 2 By the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. 3 Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.

God, The Sabbath, The Law, and The Jews

It is Friday afternoon, September 11, 2015. In my little town, the Sabbath is moving quickly on its way to us. It is important for us to understand the true meaning of the Sabbath. There has been a lot of bad teaching on the subject of the Sabbath, or seventh day, which has distorted a truth that is clearly written in God’s Holy Word.. Hopefully, there will be a sense of clarity that will come from the information that is contained in this post.

Many people say that their Sabbath can be Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, or any day that they choose. However, it is clearly stated in Genesis 2:2-3 that the seventh day, and not any other day of the week, was blessed and sanctified by God, and it was on the seventh day that God rested. We can not buy a large tape measure and measure around the corners of the sabbath day, put white lime on the borders of the sabbath day so that it can clearly be seen, get into an excavator and dig up the sabbath day and move it to any other day of the week where God’s Holy Day can find a different place to be planted, and call that new location, “our sabbath.” (that’s a bit wordy, but it illustrates the error of trying to make any day of the week, except the seventh day, the Lord’s Sabbath (Ex 20:10).

Per the Scofield Study Bible, the date of Genesis 2:1-3, when the seventh day was first mentioned in the Bible is 4004 B.C. The date of the first mention of Sabbath worship is 1491 B.C., when it is found in Exodus 16. So, there has not been a “forever” existence of Sabbath worship. The date that the law was given was also 1491 B.C., where it is found in Exodus 20. God told the nation of Israel that the sabbath is a sign between Him, and Israel, as is shown in Ex 31:16-17. God gave the law to Israel, as is written in Ex 19, 20, and was not given until 1491 B.C.

There was no observance of the Sabbath, and no following of the law for a period of 2513 years from the time of Gen 2:1-3 until Ex 16-20. But, there has always been conscience in the minds of mankind. A careful study of the scriptures of this post will show that God spoke the requirements of the Sabbath and the Law to the Jews, who were the descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. No other people were groups were present when God spoke to Moses and the Israelites about the law and the Sabbath. Only the descendants of Abraham and Isaac, and those who were descendants of Jacob, found themselves to be those who were under the requirements of the Sabbath and the law. Still, remember that mankind has conscience. The non-descendants of Jacob were not present when the requirements of the Sabbath and law were given, “to the descendants of Jacob.” The church of Christ has no responsibility of keeping the Sabbath and the Law, as God gave those requirements to the Israelites. The purpose of those who became “the church of Christ,” was to tell others about saving faith in Christ. Consider the following scriptures.

Acts 8:35 New American Standard Bible (NASB) (Per Philip, the evangelist)

35 Then Philip opened his mouth, and beginning from this Scripture he preached Jesus to him.

1 Corinthians 2:2 New American Standard Bible (NASB) (Per the apostle Paul)

2 For I determined to know nothing among you except Jesus Christ, and Him crucified.

So, what do we say about the keeping of the Sabbath and the Law. It is not a requirement for maintaining fellowship with God. To recognize the Sabbath as being a day of the week, as being a day that God blessed and sanctified, is to honor God. The Law, to include the Ten Commandments, also include the 613 Torah Laws, which deal with the proper treatment that Jews should have toward one another. Those same Torah (teaching) Laws give a standard of conduct that all of God’s mankind creation should have toward each other. The Torah includes the first five books of the Bible. A meaning of Torah is teaching. God chose the Jews to not only bring the Messiah into the world, but also to be a standard-bearer of truth, righteousness, and holiness. Because of the responsibility that God gave to “His chosen people,” (Den 7:6), and to be the vessel of salvation (John 4:22), God’s teachings were sometimes very severe for His chosen people. But, there is no teaching for us to stone people to death,or to cut peoples’ hands and heads off, as has been shown by the non-descendants of Jacob.

Shortly, I will notice the beginning of the seventh day of the week, which is the Lord’s Sabbath. I am going to say to God, “hey God! You did an awesome job of creating this holiest day of the week,” as well as the first six days. I am also going to consider the Holiness of God when He gave the Law to Moses and the Israelites, and wonder why our government finds such a danger to society by having the Ten Commandments posted in schools, and in other public places.

Let me now ask you to read the following verses of scripture, very carefully, and possibly learn some things that may have never been taught to you. It is important to know that the total conversation takes please between God and Moses, and is directed to Jews. Please let me add a Jewish greeting, “Shabbat Shalom,” which means “peaceful Sabbath.”

Exodus 31:16-17 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

16 So the sons of Israel shall observe the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant.’ 17 It is a sign between Me and the sons of Israel forever; for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, but on the seventh day He ceased from labor, and was refreshed.”

Exodus 2:23-25 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

23 Now it came about in the course of those many days that the king of Egypt died. And the sons of Israel sighed because of the bondage, and they cried out; and their cry for help because of their bondage rose up to God. 24 So God heard their groaning; and God remembered His covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. 25 God saw the sons of Israel, and God took notice of them.

Exodus 3:5-7 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

5 Then He said, “Do not come near here; remove your sandals from your feet, for the place on which you are standing is holy ground.” 6 He said also, “I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.” Then Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at God.

7 The Lord said, “I have surely seen the affliction of My people who are in Egypt, and have given heed to their cry because of their taskmasters, for I am aware of their sufferings.

Exodus 3:14-16 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

14 God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM”; and He said, “Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.’” 15 God, furthermore, said to Moses, “Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, ‘The Lord, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you.’ This is My name forever, and this is My memorial-name to all generations. 16 Go and gather the elders of Israel together and say to them, ‘The Lord, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, has appeared to me, saying, “I am indeed concerned about you and what has been done to you in Egypt.

Exodus 6:1-9 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

God Promises Action

1 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Now you shall see what I will do to Pharaoh; for under compulsion he will let them go, and under compulsion he will drive them out of his land.”

2 God spoke further to Moses and said to him, “I am the Lord; 3 and I appeared to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, as God Almighty, but by My name, Lord, I did not make Myself known to them. 4 I also established My covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land in which they sojourned. 5 Furthermore I have heard the groaning of the sons of Israel, because the Egyptians are holding them in bondage, and I have remembered My covenant. 6 Say, therefore, to the sons of Israel, ‘I am the Lord, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will deliver you from their bondage. I will also redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments.7 Then I will take you for My people, and I will be your God; and you shall know that I am the Lord your God, who brought you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians. 8 I will bring you to the land which I swore to give to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and I will give it to you for a possession; I am the Lord.’” 9 So Moses spoke thus to the sons of Israel, but they did not listen to Moses on account of their despondency and cruel bondage.

Exodus 14:30-31 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

30 Thus the Lord saved Israel that day from the hand of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore. 31 When Israel saw the great power which the Lord had used against the Egyptians, the people feared the Lord, and they believed in the Lord and in His servant Moses.

Exodus 16:22-30 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

The Sabbath Observed

22 Now on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. When all the leaders of the congregation came and told Moses, 23 then he said to them, “This is what the Lord meant: Tomorrow is a sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the Lord. Bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over put aside to be kept until morning.” 24 So they put it aside until morning, as Moses had ordered, and it did not become foul nor was there any worm in it. 25 Moses said, “Eat it today, for today is a sabbath to the Lord; today you will not find it in the field. 26 Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, the sabbath, there will be none.”

27 It came about on the seventh day that some of the people went out to gather, but they found none. 28 Then the Lord said to Moses, “How long do you refuse to keep My commandments and My instructions? 29 See, the Lord has given you the sabbath; therefore He gives you bread for two days on the sixth day. Remain every man in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.” 30 So the people rested on the seventh day.

Exodus 19:1-25 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Moses on Sinai

19 In the third month after the sons of Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, on that very day they came into the wilderness of Sinai. 2 When they set out from Rephidim, they came to the wilderness of Sinai and camped in the wilderness; and there Israel camped in front of the mountain. 3 Moses went up to God, and the Lord called to him from the mountain, saying, “Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob and tell the sons of Israel: 4 ‘You yourselves have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles’ wings, and brought you to Myself. 5 Now then, if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be My own possession among all the peoples, for all the earth is Mine; 6 and you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ These are the words that you shall speak to the sons of Israel.”

7 So Moses came and called the elders of the people, and set before them all these words which the Lord had commanded him. 8 All the people answered together and said, “All that the Lord has spoken we will do!” And Moses brought back the words of the people to the Lord. 9 The Lord said to Moses, “Behold, I will come to you in a thick cloud, so that the people may hear when I speak with you and may also believe in you forever.” Then Moses told the words of the people to the Lord.

10 The Lord also said to Moses, “Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments; 11 and let them be ready for the third day, for on the third day the Lord will come down on Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people. 12 You shall set bounds for the people all around, saying, ‘Beware that you do not go up on the mountain or touch the border of it; whoever touches the mountain shall surely be put to death. 13 No hand shall touch him, but he shall surely be stoned or shot through; whether beast or man, he shall not live.’ When the ram’s horn sounds a long blast, they shall come up to the mountain.” 14 So Moses went down from the mountain to the people and consecrated the people, and they washed their garments. 15 He said to the people, “Be ready for the third day; do not go near a woman.”

16 So it came about on the third day, when it was morning, that there were thunder and lightning flashes and a thick cloud upon the mountain and a very loud trumpet sound, so that all the people who were in the camp trembled.17 And Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain.

The Lord Visits Sinai

18 Now Mount Sinai was all in smoke because the Lord descended upon it in fire; and its smoke ascended like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked violently. 19 When the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder, Moses spoke and God answered him with thunder. 20 The Lord came down on Mount Sinai, to the top of the mountain; and the Lord called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up. 21 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, “Go down,warn the people, so that they do not break through to the Lord to gaze, and many of them perish. 22 Also let the priests who come near to the Lord consecrate themselves, or else the Lord will break out against them.” 23 Moses said to the Lord, “The people cannot come up to Mount Sinai, for You warned us, saying, ‘Set bounds about the mountain and consecrate it.’” 24 Then the Lord said to him, “Go down and come up again, you and Aaron with you; but do not let the priests and the people break through to come up to the Lord, or He will break forth upon them.” 25 So Moses went down to the people and told them.

Exodus 20:1-11 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

The Ten Commandments

1 Then God spoke all these words, saying,
2 “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.
3 “You shall have no other gods before Me.
4 “You shall not make for yourself an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth. 5 You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God,visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me, 6 but showing loving kindness to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.
7 “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain.
8 “Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter, your male or your female servant or your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you. 11 For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and made it holy.

Exodus 24:1-8 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

People Affirm Their Covenant with God

1 Then He said to Moses, “Come up to the Lord, you and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu and seventy of the elders of Israel, and you shall worship at a distance.2 Moses alone, however, shall come near to the Lord, but they shall not come near, nor shall the people come up with him.”

3 Then Moses came and recounted to the people all the words of the Lord and all the ordinances; and all the people answered with one voice and said, “All the words which the Lord has spoken we will do!” 4 Moses wrote down all the words of the Lord. Then he arose early in the morning, and built an altar at the foot of the mountain with twelve pillars for the twelve tribes of Israel. 5 He sent young men of the sons of Israel, and they offered burnt offerings and sacrificed young bulls as peace offerings to the Lord. 6 Moses took half of the blood and put it in basins, and the other half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar. 7 Then he took the book of the covenant and read it in the hearing of the people; and they said, “All that the Lord has spoken we will do, and we will be obedient!”8 So Moses took the blood and sprinkled it on the people, and said, “Behold the blood of the covenant, which the Lord has made with you in accordance with all these words.”

Exodus 31:12-18 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

The Sign of the Sabbath

12 The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 13 “But as for you, speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘You shall surely observe My sabbaths; for this is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you. 14 Therefore you are to observe the sabbath, for it is holy to you. Everyone who profanes it shall surely be put to death; for whoever does any work on it, that person shall be cut off from among his people. 15 For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, holy to the Lord; whoever does any work on the sabbath day shall surely be put to death. 16 So the sons of Israel shall observe the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant.’17 It is a sign between Me and the sons of Israel forever; for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, but on the seventh day He ceased from labor, and was refreshed.”

18 When He had finished speaking with him upon Mount Sinai, He gave Moses the two tablets of the testimony, tablets of stone, written by the finger of God.

Exodus 33:1 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

The Journey Resumed

1 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, “Depart, go up from here, you and the people whom you have brought up from the land of Egypt, to the land of which I swore to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying, ‘To your descendants I will give it.’

Exodus 34:10 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

The Covenant Renewed

10 Then God said, “Behold, I am going to make a covenant. Before all your people I will perform miracles which have not been produced in all the earth nor among any of the nations; and all the people among whom you live will see the working of the Lord, for it is a fearful thing that I am going to perform with you.

Exodus 34:27-28 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

27 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Write down these words, for in accordance with these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel.” 28 So he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights; he did not eat bread or drink water. And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments.

Exodus 35:1-4 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

The Sabbath Emphasized

1 Then Moses assembled all the congregation of the sons of Israel, and said to them, “These are the things that the Lord has commanded you to do:
2 “For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day you shall have a holy day, a sabbath of complete rest to the Lord; whoever does any work on it shall be put to death. 3 You shall not kindle a fire in any of your dwellings on the sabbath day.”
4 Moses spoke to all the congregation of the sons of Israel, saying, “This is the thing which the Lord has commanded,…”

Exodus 40:34-38 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

The Glory of the Lord

34 Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle. 35 Moses was not able to enter the tent of meeting because the cloud had settled on it, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle.36 Throughout all their journeys whenever the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle, the sons of Israel would set out; 37 but if the cloud was not taken up, then they did not set out until the day when it was taken up. 38 For throughout all their journeys, the cloud of the Lord was on the tabernacle by day, and there was fire in it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel.

Holy Are You Lord

Revelation 4 English Standard Version (ESV)

The Throne in Heaven

1 After this I looked, and behold, a door standing open in heaven! And the first voice, which I had heard speaking to me like a trumpet, said, “Come up here, and I will show you what must take place after this.” 2 At once I was in the Spirit, and behold, a throne stood in heaven, with one seated on the throne.3 And he who sat there had the appearance of jasper and carnelian, and around the throne was a rainbow that had the appearance of an emerald. 4 Around the throne were twenty-four thrones, and seated on the thrones were twenty-four elders, clothed in white garments, with golden crowns on their heads. 5 From the throne came flashes of lightning, and rumblings and peals of thunder, and before the throne were burning seven torches of fire, which are the seven spirits of God, 6 and before the throne there was as it were a sea of glass, like crystal.

And around the throne, on each side of the throne, are four living creatures,full of eyes in front and behind: 7 the first living creature like a lion, the second living creature like an ox, the third living creature with the face of a man, and the fourth living creature like an eagle in flight. 8 And the four living creatures,each of them with six wings, are full of eyes all around and within, and day and night they never cease to say,

“Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord God Almighty,
who was and is and is to come!”

9 And whenever the living creatures give glory and honor and thanks to him who is seated on the throne, who lives forever and ever, 10 the twenty-four elders fall down before him who is seated on the throne and worship him who lives forever and ever. They cast their crowns before the throne, saying,

11 “Worthy are you, our Lord and God,
to receive glory and honor and power,
for you created all things,
and by your will they existed and were created.”