120214 – Words Of Our After-Life

In today’s world there is an increasing use of the word, “hell.” “Hell” appears to be the main word for many to use in their conversations with other people. Of course, we have all probably heard one person telling another to “go to hell!” But, because of the seriousness of the true meaning of the word, “hell,” no one should be directed to go there. For most people, their understanding of the word, hell, is “the end of the line,” for wicked people, with all of the achieved awards for wickedness awaiting them. The way that people use the word “hell” can sometimes be confusing. Its meaning can be very specific, or general in how it is used. Such words as Gehenna, Hades, Hell, Sheol, Tartaros, and Torments are indicative of this subject, and will be discussed in this post. It is important to note that of the three normally used words that relate to hell, “Sheol, Hades, and Hell,” the King James Version never uses “Sheol or Hades.” However, the word “Hell” is used fifty-four times in the KJV. Conversely, the New American Standard Bible uses Sheol sixty-five times, Hades ten times, and only uses Hell fifteen times. This study will discuss each form of the word, “hell.” Scriptures will be discussed, as they relate to each of the forms of hell. A list of scriptures will be provided that relates to each word that has been used to designate Hell, or to any related condition of that word.

Yashab. Hebrew, 3427.

Psalm 23:6 King James Version (KJV)

6 Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the Lord for ever.

Consider the lexicon teachings on this verse, as it relates to “dwelling” in the House of the Lord. David knew that after his death he would be a permanent inhabitant of God’s house, and that he would be aware of his surroundings after death. David was quite confident that he would have an eternal life that was active, and that was not what some have called, “soul sleep.”

NASB Lexicon. Hebrew. 3427, “Yashab.” And I will dwell.to sit, remain, dwell.

KJV Lexicon. Hebrew. 3427. and I will dwell, yashab (yaw-shab’). to sit down (specifically as judge. in ambush, in quiet); by implication, to dwell, to remain; causatively, to settle, to marry.

Sheol/Hell. 7585, Hebrew. (Hades is the Greek word).

Psalm 16:7-10 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Consider the relationship of David and God.

7 I will bless the Lord who has counseled me; Indeed, my mind instructs me in the night. 8 I have set the Lord continually before me; Because He is at my right hand, I will not be shaken. 9 Therefore my heart is glad and my glory rejoices; My flesh also will dwell securely. 10 For You will not abandon my soul to Sheol; Nor will You allow Your Holy One to undergo decay.

Psalm 16:10 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Consider the assurance of David that He would not be abandoned by God after his death.

10 For You will not abandon my soul to Sheol; Nor will You allow Your Holy One to undergo decay

See the note from the Reformation Study Bible:

16:10 you will not abandon my soul to Sheol. The immediate application of this psalm is to David and to the Old Testament saints. It refers to deliverance from the immediate threat of death, but it points prophetically to the Son of David whom the historical David reflected and anticipated. Both Peter and Paul recognized that Jesus was the ultimate fulfillment of this psalm (Acts 2:25–28; 13:35).

NASB Lexicon. Sheol, 7585. underworld (place to which people descend at death)

KJV Lexicon. Sheol, 7585. In hell. sh’owl (sheh-ole’). Hades or the world of the dead (as if a subterranean retreat), including its accessories and inmates — grave, hell, pit.

Sheol identifies the condition of death. Relative to the state of death that David described, there is an awareness of comfort, and not of sleep.

Hades/Hell. 86, Greek. (Sheol is the Hebrew word).

Acts 2:27 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

27 Because You will not abandon my soul to Hades, Nor allow Your Holy One to undergo decay.

NASB Lexicon. 86. “TO HADES.” Hades, the abode of departed spirits.

KJV Lexicon. 86. αδου noun – genitive singular masculine. haides hah’-dace: unseen, i.e. Hades or the place (state) of departed souls — grave, hell.

Luke 16:19-24 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

consider the teaching of The Rich Man and Lazarus

19 “Now there was a rich man, and he habitually dressed in purple and fine linen, joyously living in splendor every day. 20 And a poor man named Lazarus was laid at his gate, covered with sores, 21 and longing to be fed with the crumbs which were falling from the rich man’s table; besides, even the dogs were coming and licking his sores. 22 Now the poor man died and was carried away by the angels to Abraham’s bosom; and the rich man also died and was buried. 23 In Hades he lifted up his eyes, being in torment, and saw Abraham far away and Lazarus in his bosom. 24 And he cried out and said, ‘Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus so that he may dip the tip of his finger in water and cool off my tongue, for I am in agony in this flame.’

Consider an example of Hades.

Luke 16:23 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

23 In Hades he lifted up his eyes, being in torment, and saw Abraham far away and Lazarus in his bosom.

NASB Lexicon. 86. Hades, the abode of departed spirit.

KJV Lexicon. 86. αδη noun – dative singular masculine
haides hah’-dace: unseen, i.e. Hades or the place (state) of departed souls — grave, hell.

See the note from the Reformation Study Bible”

16:23 in Hades. The usual Greek name for the place of the dead. In the New Testament it is not used with reference to the righteous. Here it is clearly a place of torment.

Hades identifies a condition in death. The rich man was aware of his condition, which was one of being tormented. He was aware of his surroundings, and was also aware of the condition of Lazarus, which was in “Abraham’s bosom.” By being in such a state, Lazarus was in the presence and comfort of God. There was no way that the rich man and Lazarus could change places. The rich man was not in this condition of torment, because he was rich but because he did not have an intimate relationship with God. (John 17:3); he had not been born again (John 3:3-8). Lazarus was having “the time of his life,” and had no awareness of the torment that the rich man was suffering. Perhaps such a lack of the rich man’s condition is related to Revelation 21:4:

Revelation 21:4 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

4 and He will wipe away every tear from their eyes; and there will no longer be any death; there will no longer be any mourning, or crying, or pain; the first things have passed away.”

After we have entered into the Presence of God there is no reason for us to be burdened by the conditions over which we have no control. Lazarus had suffered death. Yet, in death, Lazarus was experiencing life with God. The rich man had also died and was burdened by what he knew would be the fate of his unsaved family members (Luke 16:27-31). In death, the rich man was experiencing an eternal state of torment and separation from God.

Tartaros/Hell. 5020, Greek.

2 Peter 2:4 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

4 For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to pits of darkness, reserved for judgment;

NASB Lexicon. 5020. but cast them into hell. ταρταρώσας.tartarōsas. to cast into hell. from Tartaros (a Gr. name for the abode of the damned)

KJV Lexicon. 5020. ταρταρωσας. verb – aorist active participle – nominative singular masculine. tartaroo tar-tar-o’-o: to incarcerate in eternal torment — cast down to hell.

We have been conditioned to think of Hell as being the eternal state of the wicked. The Greek word, tartaros, shows the destination and condition of the wicked, who are those who have not been born again (John 3:3-8); those who have no intimate relationship with God John 17:3).

Gehenna/Hell. 1067, Greek.

James 3:6 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

6 And the tongue is a fire, the very world of iniquity; the tongue is set among our members as that which defiles the entire body, and sets on fire the course of our life, and is set on fire by hell.

NASB Lexicon. 1067. by hell. γεέννης. geennēs. Gehenna, a valley West and South of Jerusalem, also a symbolic name for the final place of punishment of the ungodly.

KJV Lexicon. 1067. γεεννης noun – genitive singular feminine. geena gheh’-en-nah: valley of (the son of) Hinnom; ge-henna (or Ge-Hinnom), a valley of Jerusalem, used (figuratively) as a name for the place (or state) of everlasting punishment — hell.

See the note from the Reformation Study Bible:

3:6 tongue is a fire. An uncontrolled tongue is likened to a fire that rages out of control (Ps. 120:3, 4; Prov. 16:27).

staining. Evil speech (including blasphemy, gossip, slander, lying, false vows, and the like) has the power to spoil, stain, and corrupt the entire moral character of a person.

See the note from Dr. John F. Walvoord.

In James 3:6, the damage accomplished by an uncontrolled tongue is compared to a fire which corrupts the whole person, sets the whole course of his life on fire, and is itself set on fire by hell.

Let’s continue with the complete statement of Dr. Walvoord. Notice that the teaching of Gehenna is that the punishment is unending.

Narrative, Gehenna,

John F. Walvoord writes
“All the references to gehenna, except James 3:6, are from the lips of Christ himself, and there is an obvious emphasis on the punishment for the wicked after death as being everlasting. The term gehenna is derived from the Valley of Hinnom, traditionally considered by the Jews the place of the final punishment of the ungodly. Located just south of Jerusalem, it is referred to in Joshua 15:8 and 18:16, where this valley was considered a boundary between the tribes of Judah and Benjamin. In this place human sacrifices were offered to Molech; these altars were destroyed by Josiah (2 Kings 23:10). The valley was later declared to be ‘the valley of slaughter’ by Jeremiah (Jer. 7:30-33). The valley was used as a burial place for criminals and for burning garbage. Whatever its historical and geographic meaning, its usage in the New Testament is clearly a reference to the everlasting state of the wicked, and this seems to be the thought in every instance. In James 3:6 the damage accomplished by an uncontrolled tongue is compared to a fire which ‘corrupts the whole person, sets the whole course of his life on fire, and is itself set on fire by hell.’ “Christ warned that a person who declares others a fool ‘will be in danger of the fire of hell’ (Matt. 5:22). In Matthew 5:29 Christ states that it is better to lose an eye than to be thrown into gehenna, with a similar thought regarding it being better to lose a hand than to go into gehenna (Matt. 5:30). In Matthew 10:28 believers in Christ are told not to be afraid of those who kill the body, but rather to ‘fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell’ (KJV). A similar thought is mentioned in Matthew 18:9, where it is declared better ‘to enter life with one eye than to have two eyes and be thrown into the fire of hell.’ In Matthew 23:15 Christ denounces the Pharisees who ‘travel over land and sea to win a single convert, and when he becomes one, you make him twice as much a son of hell as you are.’ In Matthew 23:33 he denounces the Pharisees and the scribes, asking the question, ‘How will you escape being condemned to hell?’ In Mark 9:43, 45, 47, the thought recorded in Matthew about it being better to lose part of the body than to be cast into hell is repeated (cf. Matt. 5:22, 29, 30). Luke 12:5 contains a similar thought to that expressed in Matthew 10:28, that one should fear the devil far more than those who might kill them physically. Though not always expressly stated, the implication is that the punishment will have duration and be endless.”
John F. Walvoord in Four Views on Hell, p. 20.

Torments. 2851, Greek.

Matthew 25:46 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

46 These will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.”

NASB Lexicon. 2851. punishment, κόλασιν. kolasin. correction.

KJV Lexicon. 2851. κολασιν noun – accusative singular feminine. kolasis kol’-as-is: penal infliction — punishment, torment.

1 John 4:18 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

18 There is no fear in love; but perfect love casts out fear, because fear involves punishment, and the one who fears is not perfected in love.

NASB Lexicon. 2851. punishment, κόλασιν.kolasin .correction.

KJV Lexicon. 2851. κολασιν noun – accusative singular feminine
kolasis kol’-as-is: penal infliction — punishment, torment.

“To punish” is spoken of as being eternal punishment for those condemned by Christ (Mt 25:46); spoken of the temporary torment produced by fear in the soul of one conscious of sin before the love of God brings about peace at salvation (1 John 4:18).

It is important for believers in Christ to know that upon death we do not go to Gehenna, Hades, Hell, Sheol, Tartaros, Torments, Purgatory, Limbo, or anywhere other than the Presence of God. We do not enter a state of soul sleep. Upon our death, we experience what David spoke about in Psalm 23:6, in that we will “dwell in the House of the Lord forever.” The experience of Lazarus in Luke 23:23, showed that he was in the presence of God by being the “bosom of Abraham.” In Luke 23:43, Jesus told the thief on the cross, “today you will be with Me in Paradise.” For all of us, the Apostle Paul said in 2 Corinthians 5:8, “to be absent from the body is to be present with the Lord.” All of these promises of eternal life are given to those of us who have been born again (John 3:3-8); to those of us who have an intimate relationship with God (John 17:3).

Hell. Scriptures Of Reference

Gehenna
Josh 15:8,Josh 18:16, 2 Kings 23:10, Jer 7:30-33, Matt 5:22, Matt 5:29-30, Matt 10:28, Matt 18:9, Matt 23:15, Matt 23:33, Mark 9:43, 45, 47, Luke 12:15

Hades
Matt 11:23, Luke 16:23-24

Hell
Matt 5:22, Matt 10:28, Mark 9:47, James 9:47, 2 Pet 2:4

Sheol
Gen 37:35, Job 7:9, Ps 49:15, Pr 15:11, Isa 38:10, Eze 32:27, Hab 2:5

Tartarus
Lk 16:24, Mt 25:41, Mt 25:46, Mt 7:13-14, Mt 8:12, Mk 9:43-44

Torments
Matt 25:41, Matt 25:46, Luke 8:28, Luke 16:23-28, Rev 9:5, Rev 14:10-11, Rev 16:10-11, Rev 18: 9-10, Rev 20: 9-10

Two videos will be shown that relate to “our Father’s House.” The videos have a similar message, but a different way of expressing that eternal hope. It was with great emotion that I searched for a video that would match the thoughts that came to me as I was putting this post together. I trust that I have been obedient to the Spirit of God, as He led me in this study. I trust that you will be drawn to the truth that there is a heavenly home waiting for all of those who have been born again; to those who have an intimate relationship with God.

Heaven: My Father’s House
Anne Graham Lotz

Eternal Life Medley
The Barrett Sisters

Consider the words that came from one of the people who commented on this video. You may find common ground with the writer.

We just don’t do it like this anymore, and it’s truly SAD! This reminds me of my childhood days when the choir would actually “march” down the aisle…..and ya know i fell right in {PRAISE GOD}! What says that we have to put away the old songs to make room for the new ones? Doesn’t the word tell us ALL that God made is good?

Do you have such memories of “church?”

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