091414 Rosh Hashanah, The Feast Of Trumpets

The following article is provided by Chabad.Org, which is a Jewish ministry, as opposed to a Messianic Jewish ministry. Following the article will be information that non-Jews should understand so that they can be more effective in discussions with Jews. Such discussions should be with love, and very respectful toward “God’s chosen people.” Images will not be shown on my blog. If blog recipients would like to have this colorful product, along with its images, please let me know in your reply to my blog post. Your email address will be protected.

Psalm 122:6 (NKJV), “Pray for the peace of Jerusalem, May they prosper who love You.”

Rosh Hashanah/Feast Of Trumpets/Head of the Year

Rosh Hashanah this year is Wednesday evening, September 24, 2014 – Friday, September 26, 2014, followed by Shabbat.

The festival of Rosh Hashanah–the name means “Head of the Year”–is observed for two days beginning on Tishrei 1, the first day of the Jewish year. It is the anniversary of the creation of Adam and Eve, the first man and woman, and their first actions toward the realization of mankind’s role in G-d’s world.

Rosh Hashanah thus emphasizes the special relationship between G-d and humanity: our dependence upon G-d as our creator and sustainer, and G-d’s dependence upon us as the ones who make His presence known and felt in His world. Each year on Rosh Hashanah, “all inhabitants of the world pass before G-d like a flock of sheep,” and it is decreed in the heavenly court, “who shall live, and who shall die… who shall be impoverished, and who shall be enriched; who shall fall and who shall rise.” But this is also the day we proclaim G-d King of the Universe. The Kabbalists teach that the continued existence of the universe is dependent upon the renewal of the divine desire for a world when we accept G-d’s kingship each year on Rosh Hashanah.

The central observance of Rosh Hashanah is the sounding of the shofar, the ram’s horn, which also represents the trumpet blast of a people’s coronation of their king. The cry of the shofar is also a call to repentance; for Rosh Hashanah is also the anniversary of man’s first sin and his repentance thereof, and serves as the first of the “Ten Days of Repentance” which culminate in Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement. Another significance of the shofar is to recall the Binding of Isaac which also occurred on Rosh Hashanah, in which a ram took Isaac’s place as an offering to G-d; we evoke Abraham’s readiness to sacrifice his son and plead that the merit of his deed should stand by us as we pray for a year of life, health and prosperity. Altogether, we listen to 100 shofar blasts over the course of the Rosh Hashanah service.

Additional Rosh Hashanah observances include: a) Eating a piece of apple dipped in honey to symbolize our desire for a sweet year, and other special foods symbolic of the new year’s blessings. b) Blessing one another with the words Leshanah tovah tikateiv veteichateim, “May you be inscribed and sealed for a good year.” c) Tashlich, a special prayer said near a body of water (an ocean, river, pond, etc.) in evocation of the verse, “And You shall cast their sins into the depths of the sea.” And as with every major Jewish holiday, after candlelighting and prayers we recite Kiddush and make a blessing on the Challah.

For more about Rosh Hashanah, visit The Jewish New Year megasite where you’ll find everything from a simple, straight-forward how-to guide to Rosh Hashanah observances, to profound insights into the significance of the festival from the wells of Chassidic wisdom. Also – join a Rosh Hashanah service at a Chabad Center near you!

Click here to visit http://www.JewishNewYear.org!

Overview

The Jewish feast of Rosh Hashanah begins this Wednesday (Sep 24) at sunset, and continues through Friday (Sep 26) at sunset. The feast is also known as the Feast of Trumpets. The fulfillment of the feast can be found in Matthew 24:31, and can be related to Israeli’s regathering by Jesus. This new year that is beginning is 5775. Consider New Years Eve and New Years Day (Dec 31-Jan 1) that are celebrated by non-Jews. Such celebrations are joyous, as is the “Feast Of Trumpets.” But, consider the depression that sets in, in the minds of non-Jews on their days of end of year and beginning of new year. Such despair of mind is not the norm with Jews when they celebrate their New Year. The first two days of the month of Tishri, which are the days of the Feast of Trumpets/Rosh Hashanah, begin at sunset on Wednesday evening, September 24.

Scriptures that relate to Rosh Hashanah/Feast of Trumpets can be found in Numbers 29:1 and Leviticus 23:23-25. For ten days Jews will be preparing themselves for the Day of Atonement/ Yom Kippur, which will begin at sunset on Friday (Oct 3) and will end at sunset on Saturday (Oct 4). Notice the word “trumpet.” It is a “shofar,” which is a ram’s horn. It relates to 1 Thessalonians 4:16 and 1 Corinthians 15:52, and refers to the trumpet call that will take place when the saints of God are “caught up” (raptured), to meet Jesus in the air (not the Second Coming, Matthew 24:27-31), to be with God forever (beginning with the Judgment Seat Of Christ (2 Corinthians 5:10).

The Regathering

Matthew 24:31 (NKJV)
“And He will send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.”

The Feast Of Trumpets

Numbers 29:1 (NKJV)
29 ‘And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a holy convocation. You shall do no customary work. For you it is a day of blowing the trumpets.

Leviticus 23:23-25 (NKJV)
23 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 24 “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a sabbath-rest, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. 25 You shall do no customary work on it; and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the Lord.’”

Jewish Holidays:

Rosh Hashanah

Rosh Hashanah (literally, “Head of the Year”) is the Jewish New Year, which marks the beginning of a 10-day period of prayer, self-examination and repentance. This year it begins at sunset on September 24th.

The Jewish Calendar

Jews often say: “The holidays are late this year” or “The holidays are early this year.” In fact, the holidays never are early or late; they are always on time, according to the Jewish calendar. Unlike the Gregorian (civil) calendar, which is based on the sun (solar), the Jewish calendar is based primarily on the moon (lunar), with periodic adjustments made to account for the differences between the solar and lunar cycles. Therefore, the Jewish calendar might be described as both solar and lunar. The moon takes an average of 29.5 days to complete its cycle; 12 lunar months equal 354 days. A solar year is 365 1/4 days. There is a difference of 11 days per year. To ensure that the Jewish holidays always fall in the proper season, an extra month is added to the Hebrew calendar seven times out of every 19 years. If this were not done, the fall harvest festival of Sukkot, for instance, would sometimes be celebrated in the summer, or the spring holiday of Passover would sometimes occur in the winter.

Scriptural Information For Non-Jews About Rosh Hashanah/Feast Of Trumpets

It is important for Christians to know as much as possible about Jewish beliefs if a serious debate with Jews about the deity of Jesus is to be effective. Notice that there is a Jewish belief that a heavenly court will determine who will, or will not, have life for the next year. Jews refer to “the book of life” as to whom may have their name removed from that book. They don’t understand that The Lamb’s Book Of Life contains the names of believers in Christ who are written in it for all of eternity, and that no one can have their name removed from it.

Jews are God’s chosen people, in that they were chosen to bring the Messiah (Jesus) into the world. The Patriarchs, including Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, were the blood line that led to the birth of Jesus. Consider the following scriptures that show the importance that God has placed in the Jews. The following verses of scripture show the chosen blood line that leads through the Jews to the Messiah, Jesus.

Genesis 12:1-3 New King James Version (NKJV)
1 Now the Lord had said to Abram:“Get out of your country, From your family And from your father’s house, To a land that I will show you. 2 I will make you a great nation; I will bless you And make your name great; And you shall be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, And I will curse him who curses you; And in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.”

Genesis 17:1-9, 19 New King James Version (NKJV)
17 When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to Abram and said to him, “I am Almighty God; walk before Me and be blameless. 2 And I will make My covenant between Me and you, and will multiply you exceedingly.” 3 Then Abram fell on his face, and God talked with him, saying: 4 “As for Me, behold, My covenant is with you, and you shall be a father of many nations. 5 No longer shall your name be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham; for I have made you a father of many nations. 6 I will make you exceedingly fruitful; and I will make nations of you, and kings shall come from you. 7 And I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you in their generations, for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and your descendants after you. 8 Also I give to you and your descendants after you the land in which you are a stranger, all the land of Canaan, as an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.” 9 And God said to Abraham: “As for you, you shall keep My covenant, you and your descendants after you throughout their generations..19 Then God said: “No, Sarah your wife shall bear you a son, and you shall call his name Isaac; I will establish My covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his descendants after him.

Genesis 26:17, 23-25, New King James Version (NKJV)
17 Then Isaac departed from there and pitched his tent in the Valley of Gerar, and dwelt there.
23 Then he went up from there to Beersheba. 24 And the Lord appeared to him the same night and said, “I am the God of your father Abraham; do not fear, for I am with you. I will bless you and multiply your descendants for My servant Abraham’s sake.” 25 So he built an altar there and called on the name of the Lord, and he pitched his tent there; and there Isaac’s servants dug a well.

Genesis 28:1-4 New King James Version (NKJV)
1 Then Isaac called Jacob and blessed him, and charged him, and said to him: “You shall not take a wife from the daughters of Canaan. 2 Arise, go to Padan Aram, to the house of Bethuel your mother’s father; and take yourself a wife from there of the daughters of Laban your mother’s brother.3 “May God Almighty bless you, And make you fruitful and multiply you, That you may be an assembly of peoples; 4 And give you the blessing of Abraham, To you and your descendants with you, That you may inherit the land In which you are a stranger, Which God gave to Abraham.”

Genesis 35: 9-12 New King James Version (NKJV)
9 Then God appeared to Jacob again, when he came from Padan Aram, and blessed him. 10 And God said to him, “Your name is Jacob; your name shall not be called Jacob anymore, but Israel shall be your name.” So He called his name Israel. 11 Also God said to him: “I am God Almighty. Be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of nations shall proceed from you, and kings shall come from your body. 12 The land which I gave Abraham and Isaac I give to you; and to your descendants after you I give this land.”

Deuteronomy 7:1-8 New King James Version (NKJV)

A Chosen People

1 When the Lord your God brings you into the land which you go to possess, and has cast out many nations before you, the Hittites and the Girgashites and the Amorites and the Canaanites and the Perizzites and the Hivites and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier than you, 2 and when the Lord your God delivers them over to you, you shall conquer them and utterly destroy them. You shall make no covenant with them nor show mercy to them. 3 Nor shall you make marriages with them. You shall not give your daughter to their son, nor take their daughter for your son. 4 For they will turn your sons away from following Me, to serve other gods; so the anger of the Lord will be aroused against you and destroy you suddenly. 5 But thus you shall deal with them: you shall destroy their altars, and break down their sacred pillars, and cut down their wooden images, and burn their carved images with fire. 6 “For you are a holy people to the Lord your God; the Lord your God has chosen you to be a people for Himself, a special treasure above all the peoples on the face of the earth. 7 The Lord did not set His love on you nor choose you because you were more in number than any other people, for you were the least of all peoples; 8 but because the Lord loves you, and because He would keep the oath which He swore to your fathers, the Lord has brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you from the house of bondage, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.

The reason that God chose the Jews to have the blood line to bring about the Savior is very simple; it was His choice. God loved the whole world (John 3:16), but he chose the blood line of Shem (ancestor of Abraham) to bring the Savior, Jesus, into the world. God loved the descendants of Ham and Japheth, but He chose Shem’s descendants for the important task of providing “the Lamb of God, Who takes away the sin of the world” (John 1:29).

John 4:22 New King James Version (NKJV)
22 You worship what you do not know; we know what we worship, for salvation is of the Jews.

Jesus spoke to a Samaritan woman and told her a great truth that goes back to the choice of God to bring the Savior (Jesus) to the world through the blood line of the Jews

The Book Of Life And The Lamb’s Book of Life

It is a polite statement to make to a Jew that you wish for their name to be written in the book of life. Scriptures that relate to the two books of life are listed below.

The Book of Life

Exodus 32:32, “Yet now, if You will forgive their sin—but if not, I pray, blot me out of Your book which You have written.”

The Lamb’s Book Of Life

Phil 4:3, “And I urge you also, true companion, help these women who labored with me in the gospel, with Clement also, and the rest of my fellow workers, whose names are in the Book of Life.”
Rev 3:5, “He who overcomes shall be clothed in white garments, and I will not blot out his name from the Book of Life; but I will confess his name before My Father and before His angels.”
Rev 13:8, “All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.”
Rev 17:8, “The beast that you saw was, and is not, and will ascend out of the bottomless pit and go to perdition. And those who dwell on the earth will marvel, whose names are not written in the Book of Life from the foundation of the world, when they see the beast that was, and is not, and yet is.”
Rev 20:12, “And I saw the dead, small and great, standing before God, and books were opened. And another book was opened, which is the Book of Life. And the dead were judged according to their works, by the things which were written in the books.”
Rev 20:15, “And anyone not found written in the Book of Life was cast into the lake of fire.”
Rev 21:27, “But there shall by no means enter it anything that defiles, or causes an abomination or a lie, but only those who are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life.”

Rosh Hashanah/Feast Of Trumpets Video And Discussion

The following video provides information on Rosh Hashanah. It shows current day information on the special challenges that Israel, and Jews around the world, face from hostile forces.

Rosh Hashanah
Paul Wilbur

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